Defence Current Affairs 2017

INS Kavaratti, anti-submarine warfare ship launched in Kolkata

INS Kavaratti, Indian Navy’s latest anti-submarine warfare class stealth corvette was launched on 19 May 2015 in Kolkata.

Kavaratti is the last of the four anti-submarine warfare class stealth corvettes being built for India under Project 28.

Features of INS Kavaratti

  • It weighs 3,300-tonne and has a length of 109.1 metres and measures 13.7-m at beam.
  • Propelled by four diesel engines and can reach a speed of over 25 knots. It has an endurance of more than 3,400 nautical miles.
  • It is 90 percent indigenous, thus adding feather to the cap of the domestic manufacturing for the Indian Naval forces.
  • Equipped with an X-shaped hull, full beam superstructure, inclined ship sides and an Infra-Red Signature Suppression (IRSS) system increase the stealth feature of the ship.
  • It has a Total Atmospheric Control System (TACS) making it capable fight in nuclear, chemical and biological warfare conditions.
  • Designed by the Directorate of Naval Design and built by Garden Reach Ship Builders and Engineers (GRSE) under Project-28.

Project-28: Under this project four anti-submarine warfare class stealth corvettes were to build. Kavaratti is the last of four. Others are INS Kamrota, Kadmatt and Kiltan.

INS Kamrota was delivered and commissioned in the Indian navy in 2014. INS Kadmatt and Kitan are expected to be delivered between 2015 and 2017.

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BrahMos land-attack cruise missile successfully test-fired from Car Nicobar Islands

Land-to-land configuration of BrahMos missile was successfully test-fired from the Car Nicobar Islands.

BrahMos Block–III version i.e. land-to-land configuration of missile was launched from a Mobile Autonomous Launcher (MAL) for its full-range of 290-km test.

The missile flight test met all flight parameters, including high-level manoeuvres. It also hit the designated land- based target with the desired accuracy.

This launch was the 47th test-firing of the missile and follows an unsuccessful test which was conducted on April 9, 2015 when the missile had failed to hit the target.

About BrahMos missile

  • BrahMos supersonic cruise missile designed and developed by BrahMos Aerospace, a joint venture of India and Russia.
  • Missile’s name has been derived from the names of two rivers, India’s Brahmaputra River and Russia’s Moskva River.
  • It is capable of being launched from land, sea, sub-sea and air against sea and land targets.
  • Features- It is capable of carrying a warhead of 300 kilogram and has top supersonic speed of Mach 2.8. It can strike a target at maximum range of 290-km.
  • It is two-stage missile, the first one being solid and the second one ramjet liquid propellant.

BrahMos has already been inducted into the Indian Army and Navy. While, the Air Force version is in final stage of trial.

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