Defence Current Affairs - 2019
Defence Current Affairs of 2018-19 related to India’s Defence, Indian Armed Forces, Defence Production, Defence Acquisition and related matters for SSC, States Civils, UPSC and Other Competitive Examinations.
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The United States Department of State on Tuesday approved the sale of 24 multi-role MH-60 Romeo Seahawk helicopters to India at a price of $2.4 billion (Rs 16,516 crore).
Sale of MH 60 Romeo Seahawk helicopters
- The Lockheed Martin-built helicopters will replace India’s ageing fleet of British-made Sea King helicopters.
- MH-60 Romeo Seahawk helicopters will provide the Indian defence forces with the capability to perform anti-surface and anti-submarine warfare missions.
- MH-60 Romeo Seahawk helicopters are designed to operate from frigates, destroyers, cruisers and aircraft carriers along with the ability to perform secondary missions including vertical replenishment, search and rescue, and communications relay.
- MH-60 Romeo Seahawk helicopters will add would add lethal capabilities of the Indian Navy, which experts say is also the need of the hour given the aggressive behaviour of China in the Indian Ocean region.
MH-60 Romeo Seahawk helicopters are considered as the most capable naval helicopter available today and are currently deployed with the US Navy as the primary anti-submarine warfare anti-surface weapon system for open ocean and littoral zones.
After the successful test of A-SAT through Mission Shakti, India’s defence capability has got a further boost with the successful launch of the ElectroMagnetic Intelligence Satellite (EMISAT).
- EMISAT was jointly developed by ISRO and DRDO, two frontline research agencies of the country.
- EMISAT will allow India to intercept the radars by detecting the electromagnetic rays from “enemy radar”.
- EMISAT will cater to India’s strategic defence needs by strengthening the armed forces ability to intercept radar signals and gauge a variety of parameters and understand various details.
- EMISAT will allow India to know what kind of radar is at work on the other side, based on the spectrum and we will be able to read the distance between the radar and Indian assets too.
- The satellite has been placed in the Low Earth Orbit (LEO) at an orbit about 700 km from Earth as the objective is to detect low power radar signals. Such radars are typically used to track by low-altitude air-borne vehicles, including aircraft and drones.
The Ministry of Defence had initiated the development of the satellite under the project titled Kautilya, which was first openly acknowledged in 2013-14. But the DRDO has since maintained secrecy about the project.