Defence & Security Current Affairs - 2019
Defence Current Affairs of 2018-19 related to India’s Defence, Indian Armed Forces, Defence Production, Defence Acquisition and related matters for SSC, States Civils, UPSC and Other Competitive Examinations.
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In order to provide quality housing to army personnel, a historic milestone was reached with the signing of a memorandum of understanding (MoU) between Indian Army and Tata Realty & Housing.
Key Highlights of MoU
It enables Indian Army’s personnel to immediately take over dwelling units in 13 ‘Ready to Move in’ projects of Tata Realty pan India spread in more than 10 cities such as Pune, Chennai, Bengaluru, Gurugram among others. These housing units are available at a discount ranging from 11% to 27%.
This MoU signals a new era for Army Welfare Housing Organization (AWHO), which has always endeavored to provide quality housing for personnel in Indian Army who are deployed in remote locations across country.
AWHO will now facilitate acquisition of homes from reputed private builders at discounted rather than building them for soldiers.
About Army Welfare Housing Organisation (AWHO)
It is a society formed in December 1978 with objective of constructing structurally sound, economically viable and functionally efficient dwelling units for serving or retired Army personnel and their widows in selected stations throughout India.
It comes under Indian Societies Registration Act XXI of 1860.
Function: To construct houses for desirous serving or retired members of Army and their widows on ‘NO PROFIT NO LOSS’ basis in selected popular stations.
Ex-officio chairman of AWHO: Adjutant-General of Indian Army (the senior administration officer who reports to Chief of Army Staff). AWHO’s board of governors is entirely constituted of senior army officers. The Adjutant-General of the Indian Army is also the Colonel of Corps of Military Police.
Union Minister of Defence Rajnath Singh has approved certain decisions regarding re-organisation of Army Headquarters. This approval for restructuring of Army headquarters was part of four studies conducted by Army for a leaner and more efficient force.
Key Decisions Taken
Defence Minister approved setting up separate bodies to probe allegations of wrongdoings against officials with an aim to enhance transparency and put in place a more stringent mechanism to look into corruption and human rights violations in armed forces. These Two Special Vigilance Cells approved by Defence Miister were part of the military reforms.
1. FOR CORRUPTION: A separate Vigilance Cell under COAS with Tri-Services representation
At present, the vigilance function for Chief of the Army Staff (COAS) is through multiple agencies and there is no single point interface. As per restructuring of Army headquarters an independent vigilance cell will be made functional under COAS and accordingly, ADG (Vigilance) will be placed directly under COAS for this purpose. It will have 3 Colonel-level officers including one each from Indian Army, Indian Air Force (IAF) and Indian Navy. This will be done within existing posts at Army headquarters.
2. FOR HUMAN RIGHT VIOLATIONS: An umbrella organisation under VCOAS for enhanced focus on human rights issues
It has been decided to set up a special Human Rights Section headed by ADG (Major General rank officer) directly under Vice Chief of the Army Staff (VCOAS) for giving high priority to observance of human rights convention as well as values. This Human Right section will be nodal point for examining any Human Rights violation reports. Further, to enhance transparency and ensure best of investigative expertise is available to section, a Police officer of SSP or SP rank will be taken on deputation.
Re-location of 206 Army Officers from AHQ to Formations/Units of Field Army
Defence Ministry felt that combat worthy officers who are serving in Army Headquarters should be in field units. 206 officers in total will be optimized from AHQ and who will be then be made available additionally to Formations/Units of Field Army. Among those who will be moving out of AHQ include 186 Lieutenant Colonels, 9 Colonels, 8 Brigadiers and 3 Major Generals.
Idea behind re-locating Army Officers is to enhance leadership in filed areas and enhance its operations in forward areas as number is nearly 20% of strength of these officers in Army Headquarters. Currently, the number of officers till rank of Colonel at Army Headquarters is around 1,000 to 1,100.
Reason: Less number of fighting officers on front to lead soldiers had been a long standing demand of Army. Field units had been operating with only 50% requirement of officers. S even though around 25 officers are considered ideal, the field units have been functioning with only 10-12 officers.
It is the officers who lead men in combat therefore having more of them with field units will definitely enhance operational capabilities.