Defence Current Affairs - 2020
Defence Current Affairs of 2018-19 related to India’s Defence, Indian Armed Forces, Defence Production, Defence Acquisition and related matters for SSC, States Civils, UPSC and Other Competitive Examinations.
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On March 23, 2020, the Defence Ministry announced in the Parliament that it has acquired land from the State Governments of Uttar Pradesh and Tamil Nadu. As Land is state subject, it is important for the centre to acquire land from the state government for development projects.
The GoI is planning to increase Defence Exports to 5 billion USD in next five years. In order to achieve this, the Government is expanding its investment opportunities. Thus, it has acquired land from the state governments in their respective defence corridors. The land acquired from Tamil Nadu so far is 1,182 hectares and from Uttar Pradesh is 1,537 hectares.
Policy initiatives in Defence Manufacturing
The GoI has taken several initiatives to increase manufacturing in Defence Sector. They are as follows
- The “Strategic Partnership” Model was introduced where the manufacturers shall make partnerships with Indian Entities and set up manufacturing units through technology transfers
- The FDI policy was revised for the defence sector where 100% investment is now allowed through Government route
- Defence Investor Cell was created to address the issues related to investments and its related regulatory measures.
Tags: Defence exports • Defence Ministry • FDI • Foreign investments • Foreign Investments in India
In October 2019, India had put the Fleet Vessel Ship (FVS) Agreement on hold. The agreement was signed with Turkey to manufacture 45,000 tonne FSV at Vishakhapatnam.
India and Turkey signed the FSV agreement in 2016. FSVs are important for the Indian Navy to transport fuel and other supplies for warships at sea.
According to the 2.3 billion USD agreement, a Turkey company is to build five 45,000 tonnes Fleet Vessel Ship at HSL (Hindustan Shipyard Limited), Vishakhapatnam.
Controversies with Pakistan
Turkish shipyards are the major suppliers of Naval Ships to the Pakistan Navy. So far agreements have been signed between the countries with Turkey delivering 30 T-129 helicopters, submarine fleets, etc to Pakistan.
The Turkey President in February 2020 made a comparison of Kashmiri people with that of World War I after India abrogated Article 370. India had also voiced its opinion against military actions of Turkey towards Syria.
Tags: Article 370 • Defence Deals • India-Pakistan • India-Turkey • Indian Navy