Defence & Security Current Affairs - 2019

Defence Current Affairs of 2018-19 related to India’s Defence, Indian Armed Forces, Defence Production, Defence Acquisition and related matters for SSC, States Civils, UPSC and Other Competitive Examinations.

Category Wise PDF Compilations available at This Link

Vajra Prahar: India-US Joint Military Exercise, 2019

A joint military training exercise “Vajra Prahar” is conducted in Seattle between October 13, 2019 and October 28, 2019. The exercise is conducted alternately in India and US. The Special Forces and the Southern Command of Indian Armed Forces will participate in the exercise

Significance of Vajra Prahar

Around 45 – member special forces team will train alongside US special forces. It will enable the soldiers to train in areas such as operational tactics and joint mission planning.

Special Forces of India

The special forces of the Indian army are those forces that are under the direct command of the Indian military. They are specifically organized, trained and equipped. They support special operations. Special operations are law enforcement, military and intelligence operations that are carried out using unconventional methods and sources. The primary goal of these operations is to achieve a political or military objective where a conventional force might affect the overall outcome. The US relied on special operations between 2003 and 2012 for its national security. The purpose of the special operations was to identify, hunt and kill terrorists.

The Special Forces was created in 1966 during the Indo – Pakistan war, 1965. The Parachute Regiment was the first Special operations unit. The special forces were involved in Operation Blue star, Operation Pawan, Operation Cactus and Kargil war.

Southern Command

The Southern Command was formed in 1895. It has seen the action of integration of several Princely states. The commendable jobs of the command include 1961 Indian Annexation of Goa, 1965 and 1971 Indo – Pakistani wars. It also participated in World War II.

A month back, in September 2019, the joint Exercise “Yudh Abhyas” was conducted in Washington DC.

DHARMA GUARDIAN – 2019: Indo-Japan Joint Military Exercise

India and Japan will be holding a two-week-long joint military exercise called Dharma Guardian-2019 in Mizoram from 19 October to 2 November 2019. This Joint Military Exercise will be conducted at Counter-Insurgency and Jungle Warfare School in Vairengte, Mizoram.

About Exercise Dharma Guardian

It is an annual training event, which is being conducted in India since 2018.

Objective:

  • To increase interoperability between forces of two nations and enhance coordination in dealing with various security challenges including counter-terrorism
  • To cover platoon-level joint training on counter-terrorism operations in jungle and urban scenario

Participants: Indian Army and Japanese Ground Self Defence Forces (JGSDF) comprising 25 soldiers each, will participate in exercise aimed at sharing experience gained during various Counter-Terrorism Operations in respective Countries.

Significance: In the backdrop of global terrorism, the exercise is crucial and significant in terms of security challenges faced by both nations. The joint military exercise will enhance level of defence co-operation between Indian Army and Japanese Ground Self Defence Forces (JGSDF) which in turn will further foster bilateral relations between two nations.