Defence & Security Current Affairs - 2019

Defence Current Affairs of 2018-19 related to India’s Defence, Indian Armed Forces, Defence Production, Defence Acquisition and related matters for SSC, States Civils, UPSC and Other Competitive Examinations.

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IAF resurrects 17th Squadron ‘Golden Arrows’ to operate Rafale aircraft

Indian Air Force (IAF) has resurrected the Air Force Station (AFS) Ambala-based Number 17 Squadron, also known as ‘Golden Arrows’, which will operate the 1st squadron of Rafale fighter jets in near future. The resurrection ceremony of 17th Squadron was presided over by IAF Chief Air Chief Marshal (ACM) B.S. Dhanoa.

First batch of Rafale jets are scheduled to be formally handed over to Defence Minister Rajnath Singh on 8 October in France and are set to arrive in India in May 2020.

IAF also plans to resurrect another former MiG-21 squadron, 101 Squadron also called as ‘Falcons’, which too was ‘number-plated’ (removed from active list, and its identity mothballed for future use) and were later decommissioned as part of IAF’s long-term plan to phase decades-old aircraft out of service. 101 Squadron, the 2nd Rafale squadron, will be based in Hashimara to operate on Sino-Indian front.

About 17th Squadron: ‘Golden Arrows’

The resurrected17 Squadron aka Golden Arrows will be the first IAF squadron to be equipped with state of the art Rafale fighter aircraft. Rafale is an extremely capable, 4th generation, multirole aircraft with advanced weapons.

This Rafale squadron will be based in Ambala and operationally committed to India-Pakistan frontier.

Combat history of 17 Squadron: It was formed at Ambala in 1951 and was equipped with Harvard-II B fighter. By November 1955, the Squadron converted fully to De Havilland Vampire and by 1957 Hawker Hunter fighter aircraft were flown by ‘Golden Arrows’, which it flew with distinction in 1971 war (Bangladesh Liberation War), winning numerous gallantry awards.

In December 1961, Golden Arrows actively participated in Goa Liberation Campaign and in 1965 operations as a reserve force.

In 1975, the Squadron converted to Mig-21 M and on November 1988, the Squadron was presented ‘Colours’ by then President of India R Venkataraman.

Under the command of then Wing Commander and current ACM BS Dhanoa, the squadron distinguished itself in Operation ‘Safed Sagar’ (or 1999 kargil conflict).

SLINEX 2019: India and Sri Lanka conducts Joint Naval Exercise

The ‘SLINEX 2019’, the bilateral maritime exercise between India and Sri Lanka commenced on 7 September 2019 and will go on till September 14th. Sri Lankan Navy has sent two offshore patrol vessels SLNS Sindurala and SLNS Suranimala to India to participate in seventh annual Joint Indo-Lanka Maritime Fleet Exercise- SLINEX 2019. The offshore patrol vessels, SLNS Sindurala and Suranimala left from Trincomalee Port (of Sri Lanka) for India and arrived in port of Visakhapatnam (India).

About SLINEX 2019

SLINEX (Sri Lanka India Naval Exercise) will be attended by 323 Sri Lankan navy personnel including Flag Officer Commanding the Naval Fleet.

The week-long joint Naval exercise features wide ranging naval exercises including helicopter operations.

Significance: Exercise signifies the desire of both countries to enhance co-operation and to further strengthen mutual trust and interoperability between two navies. The bilateral maritime exercise will enable Indian Navy and Sri Lankan navies to rehearse and improve own capabilities and enhance operational effectiveness required to maintain maritime security in Indian Ocean region (IOR).

NOTE: First ever SLINEX exercise took place in 2005.