Defence Current Affairs - 2020

Defence Current Affairs of 2018-19 related to India’s Defence, Indian Armed Forces, Defence Production, Defence Acquisition and related matters for SSC, States Civils, UPSC and Other Competitive Examinations.

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India and France to begin patrolling mission in Indian Ocean Region

India and France are to launch joint naval patrolling mission after the Varuna Naval Exercise that was held in May, 2019. The joint mission is to be executed in the Indian Ocean Region to protect the strategic interests of the countries and to check large scale illegal fishing.


The Joint Patrol mission is to start in 2020. The navies will operate joint patrols with Indian Navy deploying P8I maritime surveillance and the French Navy operating from Reunion Islands. The Reunion Islands is an island of France in the Indian Ocean. It was discovered in 16th century by the Portuguese. France has bases in Reunion Islands, Djibouti and Mayottee to balance China.


The joint mission is important as China is expanding its naval influence in the region. China has increased its presence in the region through its strategic bases like Gwadar in Pakistan, Hamabantota in Sri Lanka and a key military facility in Djibouti, Horn of Africa.

Common interests

When two tankers were attacked in Strait of Hormuz in June 2019, both India and France decided to deploy one of their frigates in the area individually. Later, Indo-French pact was signed in which the countries agreed to share information between them in order to strengthen the security in the region.

Rafale Jets Tail Numbers to honour Ex IAF Chief

The Indian Rafale Fighter Jets are to fly with tail sign BS. BS stands for retired Chief Birender Singh Dhanoa. The tail number initials are unique.

Tail Number

The Tail number is an identification number on an aircraft. Every aircraft flying in the country is provided with the tail number. The tail numbers are allocated according to the norms of International Civil Aviation.

Convention on International Civil Aviation

According to the convention, the civil aircraft should be registered with the National Aviation Authority. The convention was also known as Chicago Convention. This registration number is the tail number of the aircraft.

International Civil Aviation established the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO). It is a specialized agency of the UN that is responsible for coordinating international air travel. It was signed in 1944 in Chicago.

National Aviation Authority

The National Aviation Authority maintains an aircraft register. It also oversees the regulation and approval of civil aviation. The authority also regulates maintenance of aircrafts, their condition of manufacturing, aircraft design, pilot licensing, standards of air traffic control.

Birender Singh Dhanoa

BS Dhanoa served Indian Air Force as Air Chief Marshall. He was born in Deoghar, Bihar. His ancestral village is in Punjab. His father was a retired IAS officer. He has been awarded several medals namely Param Vishisht Seva Medal, Yudh Seva Medal, Ati Vashisht Seva Medal.

During Kargil war, Dhanoa and his squadron devised innovative methods of night bombing that had never been attempted before. He was awarded with Vayu Sena Medal and Yudh Seva Medal for his actions in the war.