Defence Current Affairs 2018

Fateh Mobin: Iran unveils next generation short-range ballistic missile

Iran has unveiled Fateh Mobin (Bright Conqueror) next generation short-range ballistic missile capable of striking targets on land and sea. The missile has successfully passed its tests. It was unveiled as part of Iran’s thrust to further boost its defence capabilities at time of rising tensions with United States.

Fateh Mobin Missile

Fateh-110 missile is 100% domestically made in Iran. It is agile and has stealth, tactical and precision-guided capabilities. Its range was not specified, but experts believe that it will be between 300-500 kilometers, more than previous versions Fateh Mobin missiles (having range of around 200 to 300 kilometres). This missile was test-fired by Iran during naval exercises in the strategically important Strait of Hormoz  in August 2018. This makes it first test-fire of Iranian ballistic missile in over year and the first test of Fateh missile series since March 2017.

Background

Iran’s missile programme is major bone of contention with world powers, particularly United States. But Iran see it as vital for its defensive posture in troubled West Asian region. US President Donald Trump had pulled out of the 2015 Iran- P5+1 nuclear deal (Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action) between Iran and five world powers in May 2018 and had called for new agreement that restricts Iran’s missile capabilities and regional interventions.

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Projects for Defence Industrial Corridor launched in Aligarh, UP

The projects for defence industrial corridor in Aligarh, Uttar Pradesh were launched recently by Union Defence Minister Nirmala Sitharaman and Uttar Pradesh Chief Minister Yogi Adityanath. It was launched as part of the Union Government’s efforts to develop specialised zones dedicated to defence production in the state.

Key Facts

As part of defence corridor in UP, six nodal points, Agra, Aligarh, Lucknow, Kanpur, Chitrakoot and Jhansi have been identified. There will be exhibition of products by armed forces, defence public sector undertakings (PSUs) and Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) which are planned to be indigenised over the next five years.

Background

Defence Manufacturing was identified as one of the 25 key sectors as part of Make in India initiative. In 2018-19 Union Budget, Government had announced setting up of two corridors – one in Tamil Nadu and other in UP- exclusively for defence manufacturing. The main purpose of setting of these two corridors is for inclusion of Indigenous Design, Development and Manufacture (IDDM) category and giving it top priority in capital acquisition, introduction of make procedure and simplification of licensing process and modification of offset policy.

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