Defence & Security Current Affairs - 2019

Defence Current Affairs of 2018-19 related to India’s Defence, Indian Armed Forces, Defence Production, Defence Acquisition and related matters for SSC, States Civils, UPSC and Other Competitive Examinations.

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India signs deal to acquire R-27 Air-to-Air Missiles from Russia

India has signed Rs.1,500 crore deal to acquire R-27 air-to-air missiles from Russia for equipping Su-30MKI combat aircraft fleet of the Indian Air Force and for boosting its capabilities in beyond visual range warfare.

Key Highlights

R-27 air-to-air missiles have been acquired under 10-I projects which mandate all the 3 services (Indian Army, Indian Navy and Indian Air Force) to maintain critical weapon systems and spares for a specified minimum period called as War Wastage Reserve (WWR).

In almost past 2 months Indian Air Force (IAF) has signed deals worth over Rs.7,600 crore for acquiring equipment under emergency requirements provisions approved by Union Defence Ministry in aftermath of Pulwama Attack. These Rs.7,600 crore has been spent by IAF in procuring missiles like Spice-2000, Strum Ataka ATGMs and a large number of spares under emergency procurement route.

Emergency Powers: After Pulwama attack in which 44 CRPF personnel were killed, Central government had given emergency powers to 3 services to buy whatever equipment is required by them for safeguarding borders with Pakistan. Under these powers given, security forces can buy equipment of their choice within 3 months at cost of up to Rs.300 crore per case.

About R-27 Missile

It is a medium-to-long-range air-to-air missile.

It is developed by Russia for its MiG and Sukhoi series of fighter jets.

These Russian missiles with an extended range would give an added capability to Sukhois to take on enemy aircraft at long ranges.

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Landing Craft Utility L-56 Commissioned into Indian Navy

Landing Craft Utility (LCU) LCU L56 was commissioned into Indian Navy at Naval Dockyard, Visakhapatnam. Indian Navy Ship LCU L-56 is the 6th ship of Landing Craft Utility (LCU) MK IV class. Landing Craft Utility is 100th warship built by Garden Reach Shipbuilders and Engineers Ltd (GRSE), Kolkata. With this it has become 1st shipyard in the country to do so.

About INS LCU 56

It is an amphibious ship. Its primary role is transportation and deployment of Armoured Vehicles, Main Battle Tanks, Troops and Equipment from ship to shore.

Based in Port Blair: LCU L56 would be administered and based in Port Blair. It would be under Naval Component Commander (NAVCC) in Andaman and Nicobar Command (ANC).

Advantages: Induction of LCU 56 will add to Maritime and Humanitarian and Disaster Relief (HADR) capability of ANC. Ship will be deployed for multi-role activities like Coastal Patrolling, Search and Rescue (SAR) operations, Disaster Relief operations, Beaching operations as well as Surveillance operations along Andaman and Nicobar Group of Islands.

Features: Displacement of 900 tonnes; Measures 62 metres in length and is fitted with two MTU diesel engines, which provide a sustainable speed of more than 15 knots. Ship is equipped with state-of-art equipment and is armed with two 30 mm CRN-91 guns manufactured by Ordnance Factory, Medak, in Telangana.

Ship is manned by a team comprising 4 officers and 56 sailors and is also capable of carrying 150 troops.

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