Defence & Security Current Affairs - 2019

Defence Current Affairs of 2018-19 related to India’s Defence, Indian Armed Forces, Defence Production, Defence Acquisition and related matters for SSC, States Civils, UPSC and Other Competitive Examinations.

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ICG organises 4th Subordinate Officers Conclave  

The 4th Coast Guard Subordinate Officers Conclave 2019 was inaugurated by Rajendra Singh, Director General of Indian Coast Guard (ICG). The two-day conclave was held at ICG Headquarters in New Delhi.

Key Highlights of Conclave

  • About: Subordinate officer’s conclave is a unique initiative among the armed forces of country. It is where suggestions and ideas of jawans are taken into account for running the force. This idea of Subordinate Officers Conclave is in line with Prime Minister’s vision to encourage innovative idea towards inclusive growth of Service.
  • Deliberations: during 4th Conclave will focus on accountability in job profile, improving lifestyle for healthy living and integrating evolving technology in Coast Guard operations, primarily towards strengthening search and rescue operations during floods and cyclone.
  • It will have brainstorming and other plenary sessions, involving highly motivated and committed subordinate officers who have come from various units of Coast Guard across India.
  • During conclave Navik Vinod was conferred ‘Uttam Jeevan Raksha Padak’ by DG Rajendra Singh in recognition of his exceptional courage, expert use of lifesaving techniques and selfless attitude displayed while rescuing a women drowning in rough sea due to monsoonal weather conditions in pitch dark hours near Gateway of India, Mumbai in 2018.
  • Coast Guard Benevolent Association App was launched on the occasion. This App can be used by Coast Guard Personnel to log on site and apply for required financial assistance online. It is a step forward towards paperless Office and ease of transactions for officers.
  • Significance: ICG has widened horizons of subordinate officers as well as provided them a platform to express their innovative ideas, thought process before highest decision-making echelons in service.

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 Indian Navy deploys P81 to increase Anti-Piracy Patrol

The Indian Navy recently deployed its P8I surveillance planes for carrying out anti-piracy patrol sorties from Salalah (in Oman) to patrol the Gulf of Aden and other piracy prone areas.

Key Highlights

  • Objective: The deployment is an expansion of Navy’s Mission Based Deployments (MBD) in the Indian Ocean Region (IOR), to keep the region safe.
  • Background: Since 2008, India has been conducting anti-piracy patrols in the commercially and strategically crucial Gulf of Aden. This is the second time in 2019 that the P-8I was operated from Salalah for anti-piracy. First time it was operated in January 2019.
  • Services: Indian Navy provides escorting services to Indian flagged vessels as well as provides protection to ships of other countries. Till date Indian Navy has deployed 73 ships on anti-piracy patrols and has escorted over 3,440 ships, out of which 3,027 were of foreign flag and 413 were of Indian flag. Also, no ship under Indian escort has so far been hijacked by pirates.

About P-8I

  • Background: In 2012, India placed orders from United States for 12 ‘P-8’ India maritime surveillance and anti-submarine under a $2.2 Billion deal. The deal was later followed up with four more order of these planes.
  • Function: It is used for carrying out extensive surveillance of the Indian Ocean region (IOR) and the country’s exclusive economic zone (EEZ).
  • Features
  • It is long-range anti-submarine warfare, surveillance and reconnaissance aircraft capable of broad-area, maritime and littoral operations.
  • It is capable of providing a long-range Maritime Domain Awareness (MDA).
  • It has also helped in detection of Chinese nuclear and conventional submarines operating in IOR and other regions close to India.

About Mission Based Deployments

With the increasing geo-strategic importance of the Indian Ocean Region (IOR) Indian Navy regularly deploys ships for Presence and Surveillance Missions (PSM), off critical choke points or sea lanes in IOR. Under MBD concept, since August 2017 Indian Navy deployments in IOR have been further structured such as that Navy maintains a ship at every choke point in IOR at any point of time.

Way Forward

  • India has stepped up its cooperation with Indian Ocean littoral states and maritime neighbours, as part of expanding its maritime engagement. Also, ‘search and rescue’ operations and capability-enhancement activities have also emerged as key areas.
  • Under India’s Neighbourhood First policy, Navy undertakes various maritime exercises such as Joint Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) surveillance exercise with Mauritius, Seychelles and Maldives Coordinated Patrols (CORPAT) exercise with Indonesia, Myanmar Thailand and Bangladesh.

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