Defence Current Affairs - 2020

Defence Current Affairs of 2018-19 related to India’s Defence, Indian Armed Forces, Defence Production, Defence Acquisition and related matters for SSC, States Civils, UPSC and Other Competitive Examinations.

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Lists of Civilian prisoners and fishermen exchanged between India and Pakistan

On January 1, 2020, India and Pakistan exchanged list of prisoners and fishermen. The countries exchange the information every year on 1st January and 1st July. They also exchanged nuclear installations alongside on the same day.

Highlights

Pakistan shared the lists of 227 fishermen and 55 civilian prisoners who are Indians or believed to be Indians. The lists were shared based on the provisions of 2008 agreement. Similarly, India shared lists of 99 Pakistani fishermen and 267 prisoners.

2008 Agreement

In 2008, India and Pakistan signed an agreement to allow consular access to prisoners in each countries. The Agreement was highlighted during the Kulbhushan Jadhav case in the International Court of Justice. According to the agreement, the provision of consular access should be provided to the person within three months of arrest. However, Mr Jadhav was denied of such acess.

Kulbhushan Jadhav

Pakistan has arrested Kulbhushan Jadhav in Balochistan saying he was an Indian Naval Officer. The Pak army court then sentenced him to death claiming him to be a spy of Indian Government. However, India declined the accusations and filed a case against death sentence at the International Court of Justice. According to India, Mr Jadhav retired from Navy in 2001 and was working in Iran. The ICJ has put the death sentence on hold.

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PM Modi: 5 DRDO laboratories dedicated to nation

On January 2, 2020, PM Modi will dedicate five DRDO laboratories to the country. The laboratories are for young scientists to boost their research capabilities.

Highlights

PM Modi will inaugurate the laboratories during his 2-day visit to Bengaluru. The labs will act as a platform to identify young scientists up to the age of 35 years. DRDO will also exhibit some of its innovative products to the PM during his visit. The event is to be conducted at the Aeronautical Development Establishment, DRDO. During the event PM will also release the fourth instalments of PM Kisan Samman Nidhi. The scheme was launched at national level based upon the success of Rythu Bandhu scheme in Telangana.

Significance

The laboratories involving young scientists will ensure that India remains forefront in advancements in the domain.

DRDO

There are over 52 Defence Research Development Organization Laboratories in the country. They are engaged in fields such as developing missiles, aeronautics, armaments, land combating engineering, etc. The organization operates under Ministry of Defence.

The aim of the organization is to reduce the reliance of India on defence imports. Today India imports over 45% to 50% of its defence products.

There are numerous successful DRDO products being used by Indian military. It includes LCA Tejas fighter jets, Nag Missile, Brahmos missile, ASTRA, ASAT, Electronic Warfare Technologies, etc.

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