Defence Current Affairs - 2019
Defence Current Affairs of 2018-19 related to India’s Defence, Indian Armed Forces, Defence Production, Defence Acquisition and related matters for SSC, States Civils, UPSC and Other Competitive Examinations.
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The Indo-Tibetan Border Police (ITBP) celebrated its 58th raising day on 24th October, 2019. The function was held at Greater Noida and was attended by Union Minister of state Home Kishan Reddy.
The ITBP is one of the seven Central armed forces that was raised on October 24, 1962 under the CRPF act. They were formed in the wake of Sino-Indian war in 1962. On the whole there are 56 service battalion and specialist battalions that constitute ITBP.
Today, the ITBP is deployed in guarding duties. They guard the Karakoram Pass in Ladakh to Jachep La in Arunachal Pradesh. This covers over 3,488 km in the delicate and porous Indo-china border. They are also manning border outposts on altitudes ranging between 9,000 and 18,700 feet in the Western, Easter and Southern sectors of Indo-China border.
ITBP is a specialized mountain force. Most of the officers in the unit are professionally trained mountaineers and skiers. They are the first responders of natural disasters. They carry out numerous rescue operations and relief operations across the country.
Tags: India-China • India-China Border • India-China border dispute • Indo-Tibetan Border Police (ITBP) • ITBP
Cabinet meeting chaired by Prime Minister Narendra Modi has approved a full cadre review for the Indo-Tibetan Border Police (ITBP). This has resulted in creation of more than 3,000 new posts and raising of two operational commands for ITBP that guards Line of Actual Control (LAC) with China.
The decision comes on the eve of ITBP’s 58th Raising Day observed every year on 24 October. The new commands are expected to be in place by 2020 and will help in effective domination and control of LAC that is marred by harsh weather and high-altitude locations.
Union government has cleared an about-1.5-year-old proposal of the force. The cadre review exercise of ITBP has been conducted after 18 years, as the last review was done in 2001.
The review, for Group ‘A’ general duty (executive) cadre and non-general duty officials, will create more than 3,000 new posts, including 60 in top command. It will also allow raising two commands along 3,488-km-long LAC with China that force guards.
Two New Commands: Western command to be based at Chandigarh and Eastern command at Guwahati, Assam. It will be headed by Additional Director General (ADG)-rank officers and will have several frontiers under them that will oversee troops and battalion deployments along China front, starting from Ladakh to Arunachal Pradesh. This command structure would allow better planning of operations as well as resource mobilisation in times of peace and war.
In 2019, Union government had moved the North West (NW) frontier of ITBP from Chandigarh to Leh for better dominance of front. The frontier is headed by an Inspector General-rank officer who is equivalent to a Major General of Indian Army.
About Indo-Tibetan Border Police (ITBP)
It is one of the seven Central Armed Police Forces (CAPF) of India under the authority of Union Ministry of Home Affairs. It was raised in the wake of the Sino-Indian War (1962) on 24 October 1962 under the CRPF Act. It was intended for deployment along India and Tibet border.