Defence Current Affairs - 2020

Defence Current Affairs of 2018-19 related to India’s Defence, Indian Armed Forces, Defence Production, Defence Acquisition and related matters for SSC, States Civils, UPSC and Other Competitive Examinations.

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LCA Tejas: The First Indigenous Aircraft to make an arrested Landing

On January 11, 2020, the Light Combat Aircraft (LCA), Tejas successfully landed on INS Vikramaditya. With this achievement, the LCA becomes the first aircraft to make an arrested landing on a naval ship.

Highlights

The DRDO (Defence Research Development Organisation) made LCA became the first indogenously made aircraft to land on an aircraft carrier. This makes India enter a select group of nations in the world to develop aircrafts that are capable of landing and taking off from an aircraft carrier deck, that is barely 200 metres wide. The elite countries that hold this capability includes US, China, UK, Russia and France.

The regular LCA demands 1 km of run way to make its landing. However, recently developed naval variant is capable to make its landing in a far less landing space, 100 metres and take off space of 200 metres.

Indian Military Aircrafts

Today, the Indian Air Force is operating Mirage-2000, HAL Tejas LCA, MIG 21, Sukhoi-30 MKI, MiG-27, SPECAT Jaguar and Rafale. The Tejas LCA was developed by HAL in the 1980s by borrowing technologies from Russia, France and Russia. The plan was to replace the ageing Soviet Union sourced MiG-21.

The step is important for India to encounter Chinese increased presence in the Indian Ocean Region. This will also help India achieve its Defence target of Rs 35,000 crore by 2024.

India erects “steel fence” across Pakistan, Bangladesh border

India will erect non-cut steel fence in the sensitive areas of Pakistan and Bangladesh borders. The plan is being executed after security agencies have detected Afghan fighters along India-Pakistan border.

Highlights

The first steel fence is to be erected across 7-km stretch in Assam’s Silchar, the border across Bangladesh.  After erection, the border is to be analysed by the BSF (Border Security Force).  Based on the feedback of these fence implementation, more such fences are to be implemented. The implementation cost has been estimated as Rs 2 crores per kilo metre.

Apart from steel fences, there are plans to implement LASER fences across the two borders. In order to implement the projects, the Comprehensive Integrated Border Management System (CIMBMS) has been speeded up. The CIBMS operates under Ministry of Home Affairs.

Need

The presence of well-trained terrorists in the borders has increased. Therefore, it is important to secure the vulnerable infiltration spots along the border. Also, these vulnerable spots might be used by the terrorists to create trouble in the newly formed Union Territory.

Recent security measures

The GoI recently has implemented several security measures to guard its international border, especially after abrogating Article 370. Around a lakh of Central Armed Forces were deployed in Kashmir. Government also mapped infiltration prone areas along the two borders. In 2018, the BSF mapped and identified vulnerable spots in three-staged exercise.