Defence Current Affairs 2018

CORPAT: India, Bangladesh navies institute annual coordinated patrol

India and Bangladesh have agreed to institute Coordinated Patrol (CORPAT) as an annual exercise between navies of two neighbouring countries. The first edition of CORPAT between two navies was inaugurated by Indian Navy’s Chief Admiral Sunil Lanba during his visit to Bangladesh. The aim Navy Chief’s visit was to consolidate bilateral defence relations between India and Bangladesh and to explore new avenues for naval cooperation.

Key Facts

The first edition of joint patrol exercise CORPAT was held undermilitary cooperation of both countries. It saw participation of four maritime patrol aircraft, two from Bangladesh Navy and two from Indian navy, and four frigates, two from Bangladesh Navy (BNS Dhaleswari and BNS Abu Bakar) and two from Indian navy (INS Kadmatt and INS Satpura). During the joint patrol, naval forces of both the countries shared information through naval communication and understanding. The warships and patrol aircraft jointly patrolled from Bangladesh’s sea territory and sailed towards the Indian waters in Bay.

Significance

The institution of CORPAT between India and Bangladesh is considered as major step towards enhanced operational interaction between both navies. The joint patrol will help to curb maritime crimes, including militancy in sea, and stop various sea crimes like smuggling and piracy in Bay of Bengal. At present, both naval forces are patrolling their respected water territories round-the-clock on individual purpose.

Background

Indian Navy regularly conducts CORPATs with Indonesia, Thailand and Myanmar. It also conducts EEZ (Exclusive Economic Zone) surveillance of Maldives, Mauritius and Seychelles on their request. . The CORPAT exercise between navies carries out search and rescue operations, institutes measures for vessels indulged in unlawful activities as well as control pollution.

The naval cooperation between India and Bangladesh has been traditionally strong and encompassed wide span which includes operational interactions through port calls, passage exercises along with capacity building, capability enhancement and training initiatives. Over last few years, Indian Navy has expanded its assistance to countries in the region through material support, training, EEZ surveillance, hydrographic assistance, provisioning of platforms, joint exercises and offering slots in professional training courses.

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Indian Army Contingent part of UN peacekeeping mission in South Sudan awarded

The Indian Army contingent comprising of 7 Garhwal Rifles Infantry Battalion Group was awarded United Nations Medal for “selfless service”. The contingent is part of the United Nations Mission in South Sudan (UNMISS) in South Sudan. It has been complimented for carrying out numerous operational tasks with utmost professionalism and dedication to the UN mandate. It has played an active and decisive role in ensuring peace and stability in violence hit Jonglei State of South Sudan.

Background

South Sudan had gained independence from Sudan in 2011, making it the newest nation in the world. Civil war had broken out in infant nation in 2013. The UN Mission in South Sudan (UNMISS) is newest UN Peacekeeping Mission. India, with 2,237 troops, is the highest contributor in terms of troops to UNMISS. In addition to India, 53 nations from around the world have contributed troops to the peacekeeping mission.

India and UN Peacekeeping

The Indian Army is the largest cumulative troop contributor to United Nations Peacekeeping Missions mandated to maintain stability and negotiate peace settlement in turbulent regions of the world. So far India has provided almost 200,000 troops in nearly 50 of the 71 UN peacekeeping missions over the past six decades, including 14 of the current 16 missions. Last year, 7,606 Indian peacekeepers were deployed in UN missions.

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