Defence Current Affairs - 2020
Defence Current Affairs of 2018-19 related to India’s Defence, Indian Armed Forces, Defence Production, Defence Acquisition and related matters for SSC, States Civils, UPSC and Other Competitive Examinations.
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On March 18, 2020, the Defence Acquisition Council approved the procurement of indigenously built 83 Tejas fighter aircrafts for Indian Air Force. The proposal is to be placed under Cabinet Committee on Security. The proposal is considered as a major boost to Make in India.
About the Aircraft
The Light Combat Aircraft LCA-Tejas was designed by the Aircraft Development Agency (ADA). The ADA operates under DRDO (Defence Research Development Organization). It was manufactured by Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL).
These aircrafts are expected to be the backbone of Indian Air Force. It is to be noted that India lost the 1962 war with China due to lack of sufficient fighter jets.
Defence Acquisition Council
The Defence Acquisition Council operates under Ministry of Defence and is the highest decision making body. The decisions include on policies, acquisition and capital for the three services. The Minister Defence (currently Shri Rajnath Singh) is the chairman of the council. It was formed in 2001 after Kargil war in 1999.
Tags: ADA • Defence Acquisition Council (DAC) • Defence Research and Defence Organisation (DRDO) • LCA-Tejas • Light Combat Aircraft (LCA) Tejas
On March 18, 2020, 219th Ordnance Factories Foundation Day was observed. Every year India observes March 18 as Ordnance Factory Day. The first Ordnance Factory was established in Kolkata in 1801. There are 41 ordnance factories in the country.
The history of ordnance factory is directly linked to the British reign of India. The Board of Ordnance Factories that still govern the ordnance factories in the country was established in 1775 at Fort Williams, Kolkata.
There were 18 ordnance factories before India became independent. The Ordnance Factory Board was established in 1979.
Ordnance Factory Board
The Ordnance Factory Board operates under Ministry of Defence. It is the largest and oldest Government operated defence organization. The Board is always called the fourth arm of defence. It is the 37th largest arms manufacturer in the world.
The Board is responsible for manufacturing small arms, missiles, rocket launchers, chemicals, explosives, mines, grenades, anti-tank warfare, etc.
The revenue generated by the board on behalf of the Indian Government in the year 2017-18 was 2 billion USD.
Tags: arms • British India • high-explosive anti-tank • Independence • Indian Ordnance Factories