Defence Current Affairs - 2020

Defence Current Affairs of 2018-19 related to India’s Defence, Indian Armed Forces, Defence Production, Defence Acquisition and related matters for SSC, States Civils, UPSC and Other Competitive Examinations.

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SURYA KIRAN – XIV: Indo-Nepal joint military Exercise

The 2019 edition of Joint military exercise between India and Nepal called ‘SURYA KIRAN – XIV’, will be conducted at Salijhandi, Rupendehi district of Nepal from 3 to 16 December 2019. It is an annual event which is conducted alternatively in Nepal and India.

About Exercise SURYA KIRAN – XIV

This year exercise will comprise of 300 soldiers from both Indian and Nepal Army. Both countries would be sharing their experience in conduct of various counter insurgency and counter terrorism operations as also various humanitarian assistance missions by both Armies.

Objective: To conduct a Battalion level combined training between Armies of India and Nepal to increase interoperability in jungle warfare and counter terrorist operations in mountainous terrain, medical and environmental conservation, humanitarian assistance and disaster relief including aviation aspects.

Importance: In series of military training exercises undertaken by India with various countries, ‘SURYA KIRAN’ exercise with Nepal is an important exercise in terms of security challenges faced by both nations in realm of changing facets of global terrorism. This joint military exercise will enhance level of defence cooperation which will further fostering bilateral relations between two nations.

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Nuclear capable Agni-III ballistic missile fails in maiden night trial

The first night trial of long-range nuclear capable Agni-III surface-to-surface Ballistic Missile was carried out at Integrated Test Range (ITR) at APJ Abdul Kalam Island off Odisha coast. However, the Agni-III missile’s maiden night trial ended in ‘failure’. It is not the first failure of Agni series missile as in the past, two other variants of missile, Agni-I and Agni-II, have failed during both development and user trials.

Key Highlights

The Agni-III missile’s night trial failed as it tumbled into sea after first phase separation. The missile travelled around 115 km into its initial flight trajectory when things went wrong and deviated from flight path forcing mission team to terminate it midway.

The failure is being attributed to manufacturing defect in Agni missile after preliminary investigations, however, the exact technological fault behind ‘failure’ is yet to be ascertained which could be possibly due to metallurgical defects also.

The trial was conducted as part of user training exercise and was conducted by Indian Army’s Strategic Forces Command (SFC) and Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) provided all logistic support.

The test was considered very crucial as it was to reconfirm technical parameters set for user and its readiness to handle weapon during night hours. The flight trajectory of missile was set for nearly 2,800 km.

About Agni-III Misslie

It is developed by Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) and has already been inducted in Indian armed forces in 2011. Missile range covers all major cities of Pakistan and China.

Features: The missile is propelled by two-stage solid propellant and is capable of carrying both conventional and nuclear warheads weighing up to 1.5 tonnes. Missile is 17 metres tall and has a diameter of 2-metre, it weighs around 50 tonne.

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