Defence Current Affairs - 2019
Defence Current Affairs of 2018-19 related to India’s Defence, Indian Armed Forces, Defence Production, Defence Acquisition and related matters for SSC, States Civils, UPSC and Other Competitive Examinations.
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India to establish NCCC for spying on cyber threats
Indian government will establish its own multi-agency body — National Cyber Coordination Centre (NCCC) — that would carry out “real-time assessment of cyber security threats” and “generate actionable reports/alerts for proactive actions” by law enforcement agencies.
NCCC , to be set up at a cost of Rs 1000 crore, would be a multi-agency body under Department of Electronics and IT. It will function in sync with other government agencies. These agencies include:
- National Security Council Secretariat (NSCS)
- Intelligence Bureau (IB)
- Research and Analysis Wing (RAW)
- Indian Computer Emergency Response Team (CERT-In)
- National Technical Research Organisation (NTRO)
- Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO)
- DIARA (Defence Information Assurance and Research Agency)
- Army, Navy, Air Force
- Department of Telecommunications
What will be its functions?
It will be India’s first layer for cyber threat monitoring and all communication with government and private service providers would be through this body only. The NCCC would be in virtual contact with the control room of all Internet Service Providers to scan traffic within the country, flowing at the point of entry and exit, including international gateway. Apart from monitoring the Internet, the NCCC would look into various threats posed by cyber attacks. The agency will provide law enforcement agencies direct access to all Internet accounts, be it e-mails, blogs or social networking data.
With the aim to enhance transparency and probity in defence purchases and to give a boost to indigenous industries, the Ministry of Defense (MoD) has promulgated a new procedure- The Defence Procurement Procedure (DPP) 2013.
What are the key features of DPP 2013?
- The Defence Procurement Procedure (DPP) 2013 aims to balance the competing requirements of expediting capital procurement, developing a robust indigenous defence sector and conforming to the highest standards of transparency, probity and public accountability, while laying a strong emphasis on promoting indigenisation and creating a level playing field for the Indian industry.
- The new procedure gives the first right of refusal to Indian vendors to promote indigenous industry.
- To give impetus to indigenization, higher preference explicitly to the Buy [Indian], Buy and Make [Indian] and Make categorisation, besides bringing further clarity in the definition of the ‘Indigenous Content’ and simplifying the Buy and Make [Indian] process.
- To expedite procurement procedure, the new policy has slashed the validity of Acceptance of Necessity (AoN) from two years to one year with a stipulation to freeze the Service Qualitative Requirements before the accord of the AoN.
- Any request for extending the timeline for submitting bids will have to be made two weeks prior to the bid submission dates. This has been done in order to encourage timely submission of the bids by the vendors and to discourage last minute requests for extension of time.