Defence Current Affairs - 2020

Defence Current Affairs of 2018-19 related to India’s Defence, Indian Armed Forces, Defence Production, Defence Acquisition and related matters for SSC, States Civils, UPSC and Other Competitive Examinations.

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India-Indonesia bilateral maritime exercise commences at Belawan, Indonesia

The 28th India and Indonesia Coordinated Patrol (CORPAT) and Second Bilateral Maritime Exercise have commenced at Belawan, Indonesia in the Andaman Sea.

The 17-day-long bilateral exercise (from 10 to 27, October, 2016) will demonstrate India’s commitment to its ties with Indonesia and to maritime security in Indian Ocean Region (IOR).

Key Facts

  • The bilateral maritime exercise and CORPAT will see participation by one warship and one maritime patrol aircraft from navies of both countries.
  • India will be represented by INS Karmuk, an indigenously built missile corvette, based under Andaman and Nicobar Command alongwith a Dornier Maritime Patrol Aircraft.
  • These naval interactions will provide opportunities for both countries for extensive operational and training engagements. Besides, it will also contribute substantively to the maintenance of good order at sea.
  • The bilateral naval exercise also seeks to strengthen existing bonds of friendship between both countries. It will also underscore India’s partnership and solidarity with friendly countries of the region.

Backgfround

  • Defence relations between India and Indonesia are growing steadily with regular joint activities and interactions between the Armed Forces of the two countries.
  • The navies of both countries have been carrying out CORPAT on respective sides of the International Maritime Boundary Line (IMBL) twice a year since 2002.
  • The main aim of CORPAT is to keep the vital part of the Indian Ocean Region (IOR) safe and secure for commercial shipping, International trade and legitimate marine activities.
  • The CORPAT has helped to strengthened understanding and interoperability between the two navies and also has promoted net maritime security in the region.

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India-Pakistan border to be sealed completely by 2018

Union Home Minister Rajnath Singh announced that India-Pakistan border will be completely sealed by December 2018.

Announcement in this regard was made after Union Home Minister held meeting of representatives of 4 states sharing border with Pakistan in Jaisalmer, Rajasthan.

Key Facts

  • Central government has formulated time-bound action plan to completely seal the entire stretch of 3,323-km-long border between the two countries.
  • The process of sealing border will be monitored at Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA) level, Border Security Force (BSF) level and chief secretary of states level.
  • Besides, a new concept of Border Security Grid (BSG) has been envisaged, in which all the stake holders related to border security are involved. Based on their suggestions, a final shape to BSG will be given.

Background

  • India-Pakistan share 3,323-km-long border which is termed as International Border. Border between both countries was created based upon the Radcliffe line in 1947.
  • 4 states share this international border with Pakistan. Of this 1,225 km falls in Jammu and Kashmir (including Line of Control), 1,037 km in Rajasthan, 553 km in Punjab and 508 km in Gujarat.
  • The Border Security Force (BSF) controls security of the 2,308 km-long border with Pakistan from Gujarat to Jammu and Kashmir.
  • In Jammu, 192 km of International Border, referred to as a working boundary by Pakistan, is manned by the BSF, while the remaining 8 km is secured by the Indian Army.
  • The 740 km Line of Control (LoC), running along Kashmir and separating Pakistan occupied Kashmir (PoK) is entirely secured by the Army.

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