Defence & Security Current Affairs - 2019
Defence Current Affairs of 2018-19 related to India’s Defence, Indian Armed Forces, Defence Production, Defence Acquisition and related matters for SSC, States Civils, UPSC and Other Competitive Examinations.
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Long Range Surface-to-Air Missile (LRSAM) co-developed by India and Israel, was successfully test-fired from a range in Israel. The test fire was carried by Israel Aerospace Industries (IAI) in the presence of DRDO scientists and officials of the Indian Armed Forces.
The successful test marked a milestone in bilateral cooperation of the two countries in developing advanced weapon systems.
Test: The missile successfully intercepted a maneuvering target mimicking an attacking combat aircraft. The test also validated all the elements related to the naval and land-based variants of the missile including the phased array radar, battle management system, communications and the interceptor.
Importance of Long Range Surface-to-Air Missile (LRSAM)
- LRSAM will be deployed on the newly commissioned INS Kolkata, which had to be inducted without the weapon system due to delays in testing.
- It would also be deployed on other naval ships including recently commissioned INS Kamrota.
About Long Range Surface-to-Air Missile (LRSAM)
LRSAM is called Barak 8 missile in Israel. Barak is the Hebrew word for Lightning.
It is designed to counter a wide variety of air-borne threats such as anti-ship missiles, aircraft, UAVs and drones as well as supersonic cruise missiles.
Barak 8 is an advanced, long-range missile defence and air defence system with main features being:
- Long Range
- Active Radar Seeker Missile
- Vertical Launch
- Multiple Simultaneous Engagements.
On 9th November 2014, India test fired nuclear-capable Agni-II ballistic missile. This successful test was conducted from Wheeler Island, Odisha. The test was a part of training exercise to the Army with logistic support provided by the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO).
Key facts of Agni-II missile
- Agni-II missile is part of India’s strategic forces arsenal for nuclear deterrence with a range of over 2000 km and can carry a payload of 1000kg.
- It is a two stage surface-to-surface missile, equipped with an advanced high accuracy navigation system and guided by a novel state-of-the-art command and control system.
- It is powered by a solid rocket propellant system and already been inducted into the army.
- Agni-II weighs 17 tonnes and the range of the missile can be increased to 3000 km by reducing the payload.
- It can be fired from both rail and road mobile launchers and it takes only 15 minutes for the missile to be readied for firing.
- The Agni-II missile is developed by Advanced Systems Laboratory (ASL) and integrated by the Bharat Dynamics Limited (BDL), Hyderabad.