Defence Current Affairs

Defence Current Affairs of 2018-19 related to India’s Defence, Indian Armed Forces, Defence Production, Defence Acquisition and related matters for SSC, States Civils, UPSC and Other Competitive Examinations.

India, China conduct second Joint tactical Exercise in Ladakh

India and China have conducted second joint military exercise “Sino India Cooperation 2016” in Ladakh region along the Line of Actual Control (LAC) in Jammu and Kashmir.

The exercise compliments Hand in Hand series of India-China joint military exercises that aims to enhance cooperation and maintain peace and tranquility along border areas of both countries.

Key Facts

  • The theme of the day long joint exercise was based on Humanitarian Aid and Disaster Relief (HADR). In it a fictitious situation of earthquake striking an Indian Border village was painted.
  • Thereafter joint teams of both countries carried out rescue operations, evacuation and rendering of medical assistance.
  • The exercise not only refined the drills to provide succor to the border population in case of natural calamity but has also increased the level of trust and cooperation between the border guarding forces of both countries along the LAC in Eastern Ladakh.


  • The second edition of the exercise was conducted as part of ongoing initiative between both countries to enhance interaction and cooperation under provisions of Border Defence Cooperation Agreement (BDCA), 2013.
  • The first Joint Exercise under BDCA, 2013 was held in February 2016 in the area of Border Personnel Meeting Hut at Chushul Garrison of Eastern Ladakh, along with Chinese troops of Moldo Garrison.


  • This is for first time both countries have conducted military exercises in state of Jammu and Kashmir in Eastern Ladakh amidst growing uneasiness in the bilateral relationship.
  • The exercise also comes in the backdrop of stalemate over India’s multilateral disagreements with China over blacklisting of Pakistan-based terrorist group Jaish-e-Mohammed (JeM) chief Masood Azhar at the United Nations and membership of the Nuclear Suppliers Group (NSG).

Indian Navy commissions INS Tihayu

Indian Navy has commissioned INS Tihayu, a Car Nicobar Class water jet fast attack craft (WJFAC).

It was commissioned by the Flag-Officer-Commanding-in-Chief of the Eastern Naval Command Vice-Admiral H.C.S. Bisht in Visakhapatnam, Andhra Pradesh.

About INS Tahiyu

  • INS Tahiyu is the sixth WJFAC Car Nicobar Class vessel to be commissioned and allotted to the Eastern Fleet of the Indian Navy.
  • It has been built by Kolkata-based shipyard Garden Reach Shipbuilders and Engineers (GRSE). Overall, INS Tahiyu is the 20th vessel in this class to be built by the shipyard.
  • INS Tahiyu weighs 315-tonne and can achieve a top operating speed of 35 knots per hour. It is an improved version of the earlier vessels.
  • It has been fitted with three water jet propulsion systems, powered by marine diesel engines generating 2720 KW of power.
  • It also has been loaded with an indigenously-built 30 mm CRN gun, an assorted variant of machine guns and shoulder-launched IGLA surface to air missile.

What are Car Nicobar Class WJFACs?

  • The Car Nicobar class water jet fast attack crafts are high-speed offshore patrol vessels built by Garden Reach Shipbuilders and Engineers (GRSE) for the Indian Navy.
  • The class and its vessels are named after Car Nicobar island part of Andaman and Nicobar They are the first water jet propelled vessels of the Indian Navy.
  • The vessels are designed by GRSE as a cost-effective platform for patrol, anti-piracy and rescue operations in India’s Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ).