Defence Current Affairs - 2020

Defence Current Affairs of 2018-19 related to India’s Defence, Indian Armed Forces, Defence Production, Defence Acquisition and related matters for SSC, States Civils, UPSC and Other Competitive Examinations.

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Union Cabinet approves raising of 17 Indian Reserve Battalions

The Union Cabinet has approved proposal of raising of 17 Indian Reserve Battalions (IRBs) in Jammu & Kashmir and 4 Left Wing Extremism (LWE) affected states.

Decision in this regard was taken by Union Cabinet Meeting chaired by Prime Minister Narendra Modi in New Delhi.

Key facts

  • 17 IRBs includes 5 battalions in J&K, 4 in Chhattisgarh, 3 each in Jharkhand and Odisha and 2 in Maharashtra.
  • The major thrust in raising these IRBs will be by recruiting local youths. State Government can relax age and educational criteria if required.
  • In case of 5 IRBs of J&K, 60% of the vacancies for the posts of constables and class IV will be filled from the state’s border districts.
  • In case of LWE states, 75% of the vacancies of constables will be filled up from 27 core districts under Security Related Expenditure (SRE) Scheme.

About Security Related Expenditure (SRE) Scheme

  • The Union Government had introduced scheme of Indian Reserve Battalions in 1971. It is a non-plan scheme.
  • The objective of the scheme is to supplement the efforts of the states to deal with the Left Wing Extremism (LWE) i.e. naxalite problem effectively.
  • Under it, so far government has sanctioned 153 IRBs in the various states of which 144 IRBs have been raised.
  • 1 IRB in Jharkhand has been converted into Specialized Indian Reserve Battalion (SIRB) which is having 2 engineering companies and 5 security companies.

‘Sahayog – Kaijin 2016’: India and Japan joint Coast Guard exercise

The 15th edition of bilateral exercise by the Indian Coast Guard and its Japanese counterpart titled ‘Sahayog-Kaijin 2016’ has begun off the coast of Chennai, Tamil Nadu in the Bay of Bengal.

Key facts

  • Focus of Exercise: Anti-piracy procedures, search and rescue operations and interoperability between the two forces and other areas of common professional interest.
  • Highlights: Japanese Coast Guard ship Echigo along with its integral helicopter is participating.
  • It will also involve Indian coast guard ships like Samudra Pahredar, Rajkamal, Vishwast, Rajtarang, Hovercraft, C-415, C-417, one Dornier and one Chetak helicopter.


  • Sahayog-Kaijin bilateral exercise is a part of the cooperative arrangements between two Coast Guards for the last 15 years.
  • It is also as part of the memorandum on cooperation (MoC) signed between the two countries in 2006.
  • It is biennial bilateral exercise held once in two years and the venue would shift in both countries on alternate occasions.