Defence Current Affairs - 2019
Defence Current Affairs of 2018-19 related to India’s Defence, Indian Armed Forces, Defence Production, Defence Acquisition and related matters for SSC, States Civils, UPSC and Other Competitive Examinations.
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Indra Navy-18, a bilateral naval exercise, between India and Russia concluded on 16th December 2018. It was a 4-day maritime exercise that took place in the Bay of Bengal.
INDRA NAVY or India – Russia Navy Exercise is being conducted since 2003. The first edition of this exercise was conducted in May 2003 in India.
About Indra Navy 2018:
- Ten warships from both sides participated in the Indra Navy 2018 exercise, which also included an Indian Navy submarine.
- The exercise included search, and seize drills, underway replenishment at sea drills, and anti-submarine warfare drills along with other components.
- The navies of India and Russia also conducted live-firings against aerial targets in the exercise.
- The Russian Navy’s Pacific Fleet flagship Varyag participated in Indra Navy 2018. Admiral Panteleyev, which is an anti-submarine warfare ship, and Boris Butoma. which is a sea tanker, also were included by Russia in the exercise.
- INS Ranvir, INS Satpura, INS Kadmatt, IN Ships Kuthar and Khanjar and INS Jyoti participated from Indian side.
- The primary objective of Indra Navy exercise is to increase inter-operability amongst the navies of India and Russia and exchange best practices.
India and Russia are major defence partners and India is also a major importer of Russian defence equipments. Both the sides conduct regular exercises with each other. The last edition of Indra Navy took place in 2016 in the Bay of Bengal. The main goal behind conducting of such bilateral military exercises is the strengthening of friendly relations between the armed forces of India and Russia.
The Indian government will soon inaugurate the information fusion centre (IFC) to boost the maritime security and Information exchange in the for the Indian Ocean Region(IOR).
The Information Fusion Centre (IFC) for the Indian Ocean Region will be set up by the Indian Navy at the Information Management and Analysis Centre (IMAC) in Gurugram, Haryana.
About Indian Navy’s IFC-IOR:
- Indian Navy’s IFC-IOR will share information on “white shipping”, or commercial shipping with the countries in the region to improve maritime security and tackling piracy and terrorism in the Indian Ocean. It aims to become a maritime information hub for the entire region.
- Only those countries will be served by this centre that have signed White Shipping Information Exchange agreements with India. Around 21 countries have such agreement with India till now.
- The IFC will generate a seamless real-time picture of the nearly 7,500-km coastline of India by linking all the coastal radar chains.
- The entire Indian Ocean region will be benefited by mutual collaboration and exchange of information through the setting up of IFC-IOR.
- it will help in understanding the major concerns and threats prevalent in the Indian Ocean region.
India has also signed the ascension agreement to the Trans Regional Maritime Network (T-RMN). T-RMN will allow information exchange on the movement of commercial ships on the high seas. The T-RMN agreement is being steered by Italy.
The information about the commercial ships is available primarily through the Automatic Identification System (AIS) fitted on merchant ships. It Automatic Identification System (AIS) chips have been made mandatory by the International Maritime Organisation for ships with more than 300 gross registered tonnage. These AIS chips contain information like name, MMSI number, position, course, speed, last port visited, destination and other vital data. The various AIS sensors read the information from these AIS chips and obtain the information.