Defence & Security Current Affairs - 2019
Defence Current Affairs of 2018-19 related to India’s Defence, Indian Armed Forces, Defence Production, Defence Acquisition and related matters for SSC, States Civils, UPSC and Other Competitive Examinations.
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India and Russia have signed an agreement for the leasing of a nuclear-powered attack submarine for the Indian Navy for a period of 10 years.
About the Agreement
- Russia will be delivering the Akula class submarine, to be known as Chakra III, to the Indian Navy by 2025.
- India had earlier leased two nuclear submarines from Russia. They are INS Chakra leased in 1988 under a three-year lease and second INS Chakra was taken on lease in 2012 for a period of 10 years.
- Russia will lease Akula class submarine for the period of 10 years at the cost of USD 3 billion.
- Chakra III will be equipped with Indian communication systems and sensors, including the indigenously-developed USHUS integrated sonar system and Panchendriya sonar.
- Chakra III get a unified submarine sonar and tactical control system, which are already in use on the INS Arihant. The Chakra III will also get a refurbished hull.
- Chakra III weighing around 8,140-ton will have a submerged speed of 30 knots and an operating depth of 530 meters and will be capable of carrying a crew of 73.
- Chakra III will also be loaded with four 650-millimetre and four 533-millimetre launch tubes for firing Type 65 and Type 53 torpedoes. Both of these torpedoes are made in Russia.
- Chakra III will be powered with 190 mW nuclear reactor.
Addition of a nuclear-powered submarine is an attempt to bolster the naval prowess of the country as a counter to attempts being made by China to expand its influence in the Indian Ocean region. India has already commissioned French Scorpene submarine INS Kalvari and is in the process of inducting another French Scorpene submarine INS Khanderi.
Tags: Akula class submarine • French Scorpene submarine • India-Russia • Indian Navy • INS Arihant • INS Chakra • INS Kalvari • INS Khanderi • Nuclear Reactor • Panchendriya sonar • Russia • torpedoes • USHUS integrated sonar system
The Union Defence Ministry as announced that permanent commission will be granted for Women in all the 10 branches of Indian Army. The extension of Permanent Commission to Women will provide women with a career in the Army till their retirement. The Short Service Commission entails an opportunity to serve as a Commissioned Officer for 10/14 years. At the end of 10 yrs, 3 options will be provided, either elect for a Permanent Commission or opt out or have the option of 4 years extension.
Permanent Commission for Women
- The Ministry of Defence has announced that necessary steps have been initiated to ensure women who were earlier inducted for short service commission (SSC) will now be granted PC in the Armed forces.
- The Women Officers will now get a permanent commission in branches such as signals, engineers, army aviation, army air defence, electronics and mechanical engineers, army service corps, army ordnance corps and intelligence.
- The Women Officers will be considered for grant of permanent commission based on suitability, merit and will be employed in various staff appointment.
- The extension of permanent commission for women will enable them to serve for a longer duration across all 10 branches and they will be able to pursue permanent careers in all branches of Indian Army.
The Defence Ministry had earlier approved permanent commission for women in all branches of Air Force including fighter pilots.