Defence Current Affairs - 2020

Defence Current Affairs of 2018-19 related to India’s Defence, Indian Armed Forces, Defence Production, Defence Acquisition and related matters for SSC, States Civils, UPSC and Other Competitive Examinations.

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GoI: Left Wing Extremism has declined by 38% in last five years

On March 18, 2020, the Union Minister of State for Home Affairs replied in Rajya Sabha about the decline in Left Wing Extremism in the last five years. This has been possible mainly due to the implementation of “National Policy and Action Plan-2015”.

Highlights

In 2019, number of Left Wing Extremism has reduced by 38% as compared to 2014. This has been possible with the deployment of large number of mini and micro unmanned serial vehicles to support anti-Left Wing Extremist Operation.

Also, the number of security forces killed in such operation also declined. In 2009, the numbers were around 317 and it reduced to 52 in 2019.

National Policy and Action Plan

The Government primarily erected 2,329 mobile towers in these regions. With the increase in connectivity and construction of road, GoI aims to develop the region. This will decrease the number of youths joining the organizations.

The control of these organizations and the counter measures are governed by the Unlawful Activities (Prevention) act of India, 1967.

Unlawful Activities (Prevention) act of India

The Naxalite and Maoists organizations in the regions were declared as terrorists group under the act.

Red Corridor

The Red Corridor includes the southern, central and eastern parts of India. These are also areas that suffer from poverty and illiteracy. These regions are backward in development as compared to the other regions of India. They are considered to be the poorest in the country.

LWE affected areas

The states of Chhattisgarh, Bihar, Odisha, Jharkhand are LWE affected states. Parts of Maharashtra and Andhra Pradesh are also affected by LWE.

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DefExpo-2020 Outcomes reported at the Parliament

On March 16, 2020, the Raksha Rajya Mantri Shri Shripad Naik submitted the outcomes of DefExpo-2020 at Rajya Sabha as a written reply. This year DefExpo-2020 was organized in Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh under the theme

Theme: Digital Transformation of Defence

Outcomes

This year more than 856 domestic defence companies and 172 foreign companies participated at the DefExpo-2020. More than 200 partnerships and MoUs were signed at the exhibition. This includes 14 MoUs that were signed at the 5th India-Russia Defence Conference. The Uttar Pradesh Government alone signed 23 MoUS with an investment of Rs 50,000 crores. The investments are to be made in the UP Defence Corridor.

Benefits of the Event

The DefExpo-2020 is aligned with Make in India scheme. Therefore, 292 Indian MSMEs participated at subsidized rates. The event acted as a platform for the Defence start ups to show case their innovations.

Measures of GoI

The Government of India has taken several measures to increase Defence Exports and also improve growth of Defence industry. Two Defence Industrial Corridors were established one in Uttar Pradesh and other in Tamil Nadu.

Defence Investor Cell was created in 2018 to provide information and guidance to innovators, start ups, investors. FDI policy of defence sector was revised and 100% FDI were allowed through Government routes and 49% under automatic routes.

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