Defence Current Affairs

Defence Current Affairs of 2018-19 related to India’s Defence, Indian Armed Forces, Defence Production, Defence Acquisition and related matters for SSC, States Civils, UPSC and Other Competitive Examinations.

Pinaka missile successfully test fired by DRDO

The Pinaka missile was successfully test fired from Odisha coast on December 19, 2019 from the Integrated Test Range at Chandipur.


The Pinaka missile is a modified version of Pinaka Mk-II rocket. The rocket was added with integrated navigation, control and guidance system in order to improve the end accuracy. The missile navigation will be aided by the IRNSS (Indian Regional Navigation Satellite System).

The flight of the missile was tracked by several tracking systems namely radars, telemetry, Electro-Optical Targeting System. The systems confirmed high performance of the missile.

Previously, Pinaka was test fired at Pokhran, Rajasthan in March 2019.

Pinaka missile

The Pinaka is an artillery missile. It is capable of striking an enemy territory till 75 km of range with high precision. Pinaka was used for the first time in Kargil war. Till 2014, around 5,000 Pinaka missiles were being produced annually.

The manufacturing of Pinaka missiles began with the help of Russian technology transfer. The plan was formulated in 1983 and manufacturing began in 1994.

Indian Naval chief on a four-day visit to Sri Lanka

The Chief of Naval Forces Admiral Karabir Singh is to visit Sri Lanka between December 19 and December 22, 2019. The visit is aimed to strengthen bilateral maritime relations between the countries


The admiral will hold bilateral talks with the vice-admiral De Silva and other senior government officials. He will also attend the passing out parade of the 60th intake of midshipmen. The parade is to be held in Trinconmalee port. India is helping Sri Lanka build the port in Triconmalee. Japan also has its role in building the port. This potentially increases India’s outreach in the Indian Ocean. China already has its presence in the region with its 99-year leased Hambantota.


It is essential for India to keep its presence in the Indian Ocean region bold and secured. The region holds good amount of traffic. Around 9.84 billion tons of goods pass through the region annually. This includes one-third of world’s bulk cargo traffic and two-third of oil shipment. Therefore, it is essential for India to secure the region countering piracy and terrorism. India along with Japan, Australia and US has signed the Quad (Quadrilateral Security Dialogue) in 2007 to counter Chinese presence in the waters of Indian Ocean.

Quad was also revived recently at the India-US 2+2 dialogue held in Washington on December 18,2019.