Defence & Security Current Affairs - 2019
Defence Current Affairs of 2018-19 related to India’s Defence, Indian Armed Forces, Defence Production, Defence Acquisition and related matters for SSC, States Civils, UPSC and Other Competitive Examinations.
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India has successfully test-fired two indigenously developed Quick Reaction Surface-to-Air missiles (QRSAM) from a test range off the Odisha coast.
QRSAM was test fired from a rotatable truck-based launch unit at Chandipur in Odisha’s Balasore district. The two missiles tested for different altitude and conditions successfully demonstrated robust control, aerodynamics, propulsion, structural performance and high manoeuvring capabilities
Quick Reaction Surface-to-Air Missiles
- The missile is an all-weather, all-terrain missile with electronic countermeasures against jamming by aircraft radars.
- QRSAM uses solid-fuel propellant and has a range of 25-30 km.
- QRSAM has been developed by the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) in association with Bharat Electronics Limited and Bharat Dynamics Limited as a replacement to Osa-AK and Kvadrat missile systems.
This was the third test firing of QRSAM. The first test firing was done on June 4, 2017, and the second on July 14, 2018.
Tags: Bharat Dynamics Limited • Bharat Electronics Limited • Chandipur • Defence Research and Development Organisation • DRDO • Kvadrat • Odisha • Osa-AK • QRSAM • Quick Reaction Surface-to-Air missiles
The Indian Air Force (IAF) has struck against Jaish-e-Mohammed camp in Balakot of Pakistan occupied Kashmir in the pre-dawn hours of 26th February 2019. The Mirage-2000 fighter jets were used to drop explosives on these training camps. A dozen Mirage-2000 fighter jets used to carry out the attack were escorted by four Sukhoi Su-30 aircraft.
Phalcon Airborne Warning and Control System of Israel and the indigenous Netra Airborne Early Warning and Control System Aircraft (AEW&C) aircraft were deployed to monitor the mission.
Highlights of the statement by the Ministry of External Affairs
- A suicide terror attack was conducted by a Pakistan-based terrorist organization Jaish-e-Mohammad (JeM) lead to the martyrdom of 40 brave jawans of the CRPF.
- The terrorist organisation JeM has been active in Pakistan for the last two decades and is led by Masood Azhar with its headquarters in Bahawalpur.
- JeM has been proscribed by the UN, has been responsible for a series of terrorist attacks including on the Indian Parliament in December 2001 and the Pathankot airbase in January 2016.
- Even though India provided the location of training camps in Pakistan from time to time, Pakistan continued to deny their existence and Pakistan has taken no concrete actions to dismantle the infrastructure of terrorism on its soil.
- The existence of such massive training facilities capable of training hundreds of jihadis could not have functioned without the knowledge of Pakistan authorities.
- India has struck the biggest training camp of JeM in Balakot. A large number of JeM terrorists, trainers, senior commanders and groups of jihadis who were being trained for fidayeen action were eliminated. This facility at Balakot was headed by Maulana Yousuf Azhar (alias Ustad Ghouri), the brother-in-law of Masood Azhar, chief of JeM.
- Committed to taking all necessary measures to fight the menace of terrorism, India undertook this non-military pre-emptive action was specifically targeted at the JeM camp.
India has remained Pakistan of its commitment in January 2004 not to allow its soil or territory under its control to be used for terrorism against India and has urged Pakistan to live up to its public commitment by taking the follow-up actions to dismantle all JeM and other camps and hold the terrorists accountable for the actions.
Tags: Attack on Indian Parliament • Balakot • IAF • Indian Air Force • Jaish-e-Mohammed • JeM • Mirage-2000 • Netra Airborne Early Warning and Control System Aircraft • Pakistan Occupied Kashmir • Pathankot airbase • Phalcon Airborne Warning and Control System • Pulwama terrorist attack • Sukhoi Su-30