Defence Current Affairs - 2020

Defence Current Affairs of 2018-19 related to India’s Defence, Indian Armed Forces, Defence Production, Defence Acquisition and related matters for SSC, States Civils, UPSC and Other Competitive Examinations.

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Defence minister inaugurates Information Management and Analysis Centre (IMAC) in Gurgaon

Defence Minister Manohar Parrikar has inaugurated the Information Management and Analysis Centre (IMAC) located in Gurgaon. It is a joint initiative of Indian Navy, Coast Guard and Bharat Electronics Ltd to improve coastal surveillance and to provide coastal security to avert incidents like the 26/11 terror attack on Mumbai.

Key facts about Information Management and Analysis Centre (IMAC)

  • IMAC will be the single point centre interlinking the newly formed coastal radar chain of India. It will be manned by the Navy and function under the National Security Adviser (NSA).
  • It is the nodal centre of the National Command Control Communications and Intelligence Network (NC3I Network) and National Maritime Domain Awareness (NMDA).
  • The NC3I will link 20 naval and 31 Coast Guard monitoring stations with IMAC to generate a real-time picture of the nearly 7,500-km long coastline.
  • The system currently comprises 46 radars and 30 additional radars are planned to fill all the gaps in coastline security.
  • In this system the remote hubs are linked with the centre by high speed optical fibre networks and satellite links- for backup in case of emergency.
  • Apart from coastal radars and optical sensors, it also draws information from automatic identification systems fitted on merchant ships and has a comprehensive shipping database of world registers of shipping for analysis of traffic.
  • The software on which the coastal surveillance will be carried out incorporates hi-tech features like data fusion, correlation and decision support features thus facilitating better decision making.

Thus, Information Management and Analysis Centre (IMAC) project would go a long way in beefing up the maritime surveillance, thereby, enhancing the National Maritime Domain Awareness Project.

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Government clears procurement of 814 artillery guns under buy and make in India policy

Defence Ministry has cleared the proposals for acquiring 814 long-range mounted artillery guns in line with Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s buy and make in India policy. The final nod was given by the Defence Acquisition Council (DAC), chaired for the first time by the new Defence Minister Manohar Parrikar.

Key decisions taken by Defence Acquisition Council (DAC)

  • Out of 814 long-range mounted artillery guns, Army will buy 100 guns off-the-shelf from vendor. The remaining guns will be manufactured within the country.
  • DAC also gave nod to addition of 4 more nodes to Indian Air force’s (IAF) Integrated Air Command and Control System (IACCS). At present, India has 5 IACCS nodes. This system integrates air sensors and radars to protect Indian airspace. The additional four more nodes will help to cover isolated islands thereby providing a security umbrella to the entire country.
  • DAC has postponed the decision on a Tata-Airbus joint venture for manufacturing 60 light transport aircraft to replace similar number of ageing Avros. The main reason for postponing Tata-Airbus joint venture was due single vendor has bided for the project.  As per Indian rules, the deal cannot be inked in such a situation.
  • DAC has refrained from taking a call on the IAF requirement for 106 more Pilatus trainer aircraft. The IAF has already bought 75 Pilatus aircraft to train new fighter pilots and needs 106 more.

As per the ‘Make in India policy’ the Indian manufacturer will have to tie up with the selected foreign vendor for building the defence artillery guns and other defence related equipment’s in the country.

Some Indian companies like Tata, Kalyani and Larsen & Toubro besides public sector Ordnance Factory Board (OFB) have manufactured prototypes of 155mm 52 calibre guns and they are likely to take part in the bid in future for this project.

Three projects under the ‘Make in India’ category have been already cleared by NDA Government. They are

  • Six conventional submarines project.
  • Light transport aircraft deal.
  • 197 light utility helicopter deal.

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