Defence & Security Current Affairs - 2019
Defence Current Affairs of 2018-19 related to India’s Defence, Indian Armed Forces, Defence Production, Defence Acquisition and related matters for SSC, States Civils, UPSC and Other Competitive Examinations.
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The Interim Budget 2019 has increased the allocations to the Defence Ministry by 6.87 per cent to Rs 3.18 lakh crore against last year’s allocation of Rs 2.98 lakh crore.
Allocations to Defence Ministry
The Defence Ministry budget outlay includes:
- Of the total allocation of Rs 3.18 lakh crore, Rs 1,08,248 crore has been set aside for capital outlay for the year 2019-2020 to purchase new weapons, aircraft, warships and other military hardware.
- Rs 1,12,079 crore has been set aside for payment of pensions.
- The defence budget is around 1.44 per cent of the GDP.
- Of the total capital outlay of Rs 1,08,248 crore, the Army was granted Rs 29,447 crore, the Navy was given Rs 23,156 crore and the Indian Air Force got an allocation of Rs 39,302 crore.
- The revenue expenditure which includes expenses on payment of salaries and maintenance of establishments has been pegged at Rs 2,10,682 crore as against Rs 1,88,118 crore for 2018-19.
- The capital outlay for armed forces is 32.19 per cent of the government’s total capital expenditure of Rs 3,36,293 crore.
The allocation to the defence ministry for capital expenditure is said to be inadequate given the kind of modernisation our armed forces are envisaging.
The Defence Acquisition Council headed by Defence Minister Nirmala Sitharaman has approved the acquisition of the Rs 1,200 crore Milan-2T anti-tank missiles. While the requirement was of 70,000 different types of anti-tank guided missiles (ATGM) and 850 different launchers, the DAC has approved the purchase of 5,000 Milan 2T anti-tank guided missiles from France.
Defence Acquisition Council
The Defence Acquisition Council (DAC) headed by Union Minister of Defence was constituted to ensure a fair defence procurement planning process. The Council aims to ensure expeditious procurement of the requirements of the Armed Forces in terms of capabilities sought and time frame prescribed by optimally utilizing the allocated budgetary resources.
The functions of the DAC include:
- Principle approval authority for 15 Years Long Terms Integrated Perspective Plan for Defence Forces.
- Categorization of the acquisition proposals relating to ‘Buy’, ‘Buy & Make’ and ‘Make’.
- Addressing issues relating to Single vendor clearance.
- Decision regarding ‘offset’ provisions in respect of acquisition proposals above Rs. 300 crores.
- Decisions regarding Transfer of Technology under ‘Buy & Make’ category of acquisition proposals.
- Field Trial evaluation.
Milan-2T Anti-Tank Missile
An anti-tank missile is aimed at destroying the vehicles that are heavily armoured. The features of the Milan-2T Anti-Tank Missile are:
- Milan is a portable medium-range, anti-tank missile produced by Euromissile, based in Fontenay-aux-Roses in France.
- The Milan munitions consist of the missile in a waterproof launch tube.
- While MILAN 2 has a single shaped charge warhead for use against very thick and composite armour, MILAN 2T is armed with a tandem charge for use against reactive armour.
The DAC has given approval for the procurement of Milan-2T Anti-Tank Missile to meet the urgent requirements since the indigenous anti-tank missile Nag being developed by Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) is still under development.
Tags: Anti-Tank Guided Missiles • anti-tank missile Nag • Defence Acquisition Council • Defence Research and Development Organisation • DRDO • France • Milan 2T anti-tank guided missiles • Union Minister of Defence