Environment Current Affairs

Latest Environment Current Affairs 2019 for UPSC Exams, Bank Exams, Civil Services, SSC and other Competitive Exams. Latest developments in Environment and Climate Change 2019 all important national updates in Environment events for the year 2019.

Facts Box: First Snow Leopard Conservation Centre of India

The Uttarakhand State Government is to develop India’s first Snow Leopard Conservation centre of India. The centre is to be developed by the Uttarakhand forest department and the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP).

Highlights

The main aim of the centre is to conserve and restore Himalayan ecosystems. It also aims to conserve elusive snow leopards and other endangered Himalayan species.

Concerns

A number of snow leopards have been spotted in the districts of Pithoragarh and Uttarkashi. However, the actual figures are unknown. So far, the state government has concluded that there are 86 snow leopards in the state.

There is a need to identify areas where the snow leopards are being spotted. This can be achieved with the help of forest department and cooperation from local people and military forces.

Benefits

The step is to promote winter tourism in the state. The state is also in the process of developing six city forests to expand the green area in the cities. This is to be achieved in city forests in Kumaon region, four in hilly districts and two in plains.

Snow Leopard in India

The first National Protocol on Snow Leopard Population Assessment was launched on International Snow Leopard Day (October 23, 2019). The survey was conducted in the states/UTs of Ladakh, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu and Kashmir, Sikkim, Uttarakhand and Arunachal Pradesh. The launch also marked the inaugural of 4th Steering Committee meeting of GSLEP Programme

GSLEP Programme

GSLEP Programme is Global Snow Leopard and Ecosystem Protection Programme. It is an inter-governmental alliance of all 12 snow leopard range countries. This includes China, Bhutan, Nepal, Mongolia, India, Pakistan, Russia, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan and Afghanistan.

The programme mainly focuses on the need of awareness and understanding the value of snow leopard in an ecosystem. It is organised by Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change.

About Snow Leopard

The Snow Leopard region in India contributes to 5% of the global snow leopard region. They are classified as Vulnerable in IUCN list and has been included in Schedule I of the Indian Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972.

Conservation Efforts in India

India had launched Project Snow Leopard to promote inclusive approach that involves local communities.

Secure Himalaya is another project being operated in India to conserve Snow Leopard. It is funded by the Global Environment Facility-United Nations Development Programme. The programme is now being operated in four states/UTs namely Himachal Pradesh, Jammu and Kashmir, Sikkim and Uttarakhand.

Swachh Bharat Kranti: Highlights

The Union Jal Shakti Minister, Shri Gajendra Singh Shekhawat, along with the Union Textiles and Women & Child Development Minister Smt. Smriti Irani launched the book ‘Swachh Bharat Kranti’

About the book

Edited by Shri Parameswaran Iyer, Secretary of Department of Drinking Water and Sanitation book “Swachh Bharat Kranti” is the Hindi translation of the book “The Swachh Bharat Revolution”. The book is published by and as the Swachh Bharat Kranti. The book is arranged in four key sections which are the four key pillars of SBM’s (Swachh Bharat Mission) success: Public Financing, Political Leadership, Partnerships and People’s Participation. Through 35 essays by a diverse range of stakeholders and contributors to the SBM, sharing their perspective on this social revolution the book captures the remarkable journey of the SBM. The book starts with a foreword by Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi and is a compilation of essays written by Amitabh Kant, Amitabh Bachchan, Arun Jaitley, Akshay Kumar, Bill Gates, Ratan Tata, Sadhguru, Tavleen Singh, and other eminent personalities from their respective fields.

Launch Overview

Following the launch, a discussion on the book and the Swachh Bharat Mission by the two Ministers and Shri Parameswaran Iyer took place. During the discussion, the ministers captured the remarkable journey of the SBM through 35 essays. The discussion among the eminent personalities was watched by lakhs of field functionaries of the SBM through webcasting. While gracing the occasion, Union Minister Shri Gajendra Singh Shekhawat spoke about how India had become one of the leaders of sanitation in the world and how many countries in the world are now learning from India’s experience of how in just five years over 50 crore people started using toilets and stopped defecating in the open. The minister expressed his joy while mentioning that, now after the launch of the book lakhs of readers in the heartland of India can read and know about this journey. Soon after the discussion, both the Union ministers moved to answer questions of field functionaries, state government officials and swachhagrahis.