Environment Current Affairs - 2019

Latest Environment Current Affairs 2019 for UPSC Exams, Bank Exams, Civil Services, SSC and other Competitive Exams. Latest developments in Environment and Climate Change 2019 all important national updates in Environment events for the year 2019.

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India attends IUCN’s 7th Regional Conservation Forum held at Islamabad

International Union for Conservation of Nature organized the 7th Regional Conservation Forum in Islamabad, Pakistan. Secretary of Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change represented India at the forum. More than 500 representatives from different countries, corporate sector and NGOs participated in the forum

Reports from the Forum

  • Rapid melting of Himalayan Glacier to cause food and water shortage to 800 million people in South Asia and South-East Asia including China.
  • 36% Glaciers in the regions of Himalayas and Hindukush are to vanish by 2100.
  • The Himalayan and the Mekong basin are at greater risks. Failing to take timely actions will affect millions of people in the region
  • The Shrinking Glaciers are the biggest challenge to the policy makers. This is because they contribute to the seasonal run off. This is very common in the climatically drier western regions. It increases the risks of outburst floods adding to the expansion of unstable proglacial lakes.
  • The increasing Global Warming is decimating the glaciers of Hindu Kush Himalaya region. In the coming years, it is predicted that if current situation continues, the entire food production base in the region might get vanished.
  • The rate of Global Warming is greater than in any other part of the world
  • 10 inches of ice melted in the Himalayan region between 1975 and 2000. However, this increased twice by 2016. Between 2000 and 2016, the ice melting in the region increased to 20 inches.

Significance

  • The Hindu Kush Himalayan region is the origin of 10 major river basins. IT provides livelihoods to over 240 million people directly and around 1.9 billion people indirectly. Around 3 billion people are dependent on the food produced in the basin.
  • The Himalayan Glaciers are considered the third pole of the world mainly because of the sheer volume of the ice they hold.

UNDP Green Climate Fund: India gets 43 million USD to boost climate in 3 coastal states

With the help pf 43 million USD from the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), India has begun the project that will positively impact over 10 million people living on the coastline. The funds are to be obtained from the Green Climate Fund that was established under United Nations Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). The objective of the fund is to assist developing countries.

Highlights

  • The 6-year project will help to build climate resilient livelihoods of 1.7 million people
  • The coastal states that are to benefit from the fund are Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh and Odisha.
  • Under the project, the plan is to sequester minimum of 3.5 million tons of carbon dioxide in the next 30 years.
  • The project will also restore 15,000 hectares of coral reefs, mangroves, salt marshes and sea marshes

Significance

  • The funds will help in improving shoreline protection
  • It aligns well with the NDC (Nationally Determined Contributions) of India under Paris Agreement and National Action Plan on Climate Change.
  • The project will help the shoreline communities to restore eco system and promote climate resilient livelihood like sustainable farming of mud crabs.
  • The initiative will also help to provide benefits for female-headed households, vulnerable communities, young people and elderly.