Environment Current Affairs - 2020
Latest Environment Current Affairs 2019 for UPSC Exams, Bank Exams, Civil Services, SSC and other Competitive Exams. Latest developments in Environment and Climate Change 2019 all important national updates in Environment events for the year 2019.
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The Scientists of Wadia Institute of Himalayan Geology, Dehradun conducted a study and have found that glaciers in Sikkim region are melting at faster rates as compared to other Himalayan regions.
The study has assessed around 23 glaciers and their spread since 1991 to 2015. The larger glaciers are thinning in size and smaller glaciers are retreating. During these years, major shift in behavior was noted since 2000. Since 2000, the western and central Himalayan glaciers have sowed reduced melting. Whereas in case of Sikkim Glaciers, the melting rate has increased. Summer temperature increase is the main reason for glacier changes.
Study-First of its Kind
This study is the first in India to study about multiple parameters of glaciers namely length, Debris cover, area, glacial lakes, snow line altitude.
Wadia Institute of Himalayan Technology
The Institute operates under Department of Science and Technology. It was established in 1968. The institute provides advisory and consultancy services to various organizations. It also gives advises on geotechnical feasibility of hydel projects, their foundation and site selection.
Tags: Glaciers • Global Warming • Himalayan Region • Ice Melting • Sikkim
On World Water Day, the United Nations warned that 3.5 to 4.4 billion people are to live with limited access to water by 2050. Of these more than 1 billion are to live in major cities.
The United Nations also said that today there are 2.2 billion people in the world lacking safe drinking water. Around 4.2 billion of global population are living without adequate sanitation. The data was provided by the UN Secretary General Antonio Gueterres at a press meet.
The United Nations Suggests that the member countries should pay attention to climate risks at all the levels of water management. Also, they should increase their investments towards climate resilient water storage infrastructure.
The upcoming COP26 that is to be held at Glasgow should be used as to reduce the emissions and increase water sustainability. The 26th COP26 is to be held in Glasgow, UK in November 2020.
Tags: Antonio Guterres • Carbon emissions • COP • Drinking Water • Sanitation