Environment Current Affairs - 2020
Latest Environment Current Affairs 2019 for UPSC Exams, Bank Exams, Civil Services, SSC and other Competitive Exams. Latest developments in Environment and Climate Change 2019 all important national updates in Environment events for the year 2019.
On March 2, 2020, the Government of India declared National Chambal Sanctuary as Eco-Sensitive Zone. The Sanctuary is home to Gangetic Dolphins and critically endangered Gharials.
The Sanctuary is home to naturally living Gharials. 75% of Gharials live in the Sanctuary. It also harbours 180 species of migratory birds and fresh water Gangetic Dolphins. Being declared as Eco Sensitive Zone, construction of resorts, hotels or other residential and industrial activities are prohibited.
National Chambal Sanctuary
The Sanctuary begins in the Vindhyan Ranges, extends along the Chambal river and ends in Yamuna river. It is spread across Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh and Uttar Pradesh.
The Eco-Sensitive Zones are protected areas that act as “shock absorbers”. They also act as transition zones. They are governed by the Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate change. The governing is an important factor as land is a state subject. There are no acts that regulate the zones. However, they are regulated with guidelines framed by the Ministry.
Tags: Critically Endangered • ESZ • Gangetic dolphins • Gharial • IUCN Red List
The Indian Meteorological Department has announced that months of March, April and May are to be warmer than normal. The heat waves are to prevail over the heat wave zones of India
Heat Wave Zone
The Core Heat Wave Zone of India includes Himachal Pradesh, Punjab, Haryana, Delhi, Uttarakhand, Rajasthan, Gujarat, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Madhya Pradesh. Jharkhand, Chhattisgarh, Odisha, West Bengal and Telangana.
In India, heat waves are experienced during March to July
What is a Heat Wave?
According to the World Meteorological Organization, a Heat Wave occurs when the daily maximum temperature of 5 consecutive days exceeds average maximum temperature by 5 degrees Celsius. During a heat wave, the weather is excessively hot and also highly humid. Heat Waves usually occur in oceanic countries.
How are Heat Waves formed?
Heat waves are formed when high pressure in the upper atmosphere strengthens and remains in a particular region for days together. They are common in summer as jet streams follow the sun. This high-pressure traps highly humid warm air under it. The air warms oceanic winds in the earth forming heat waves.
Tags: Climate Change • Global Warmimg • Heatwaves • Indian Meteorological Department (IMD) • Odisha