Environment Current Affairs - 2020

Latest Environment Current Affairs 2019 for UPSC Exams, Bank Exams, Civil Services, SSC and other Competitive Exams. Latest developments in Environment and Climate Change 2019 all important national updates in Environment events for the year 2019.

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Carbon Disclosure Project: India ranks 5th

On January 21, 2020, the Carbon Disclosure Project, an annual report on carbon reduction activities of different countries and their firms was released by a non-profit organization Global Reporting Initiative. According to the report, the countries were ranked based on their corporate responsibilities of carbon reduction. In order to assess the role played by them, their science-based targets were weighed.

Highlights

According to the report, 58 Indian companies disclosed their environment related activities to the organization. Based on their disclosure, the report concludes that 98% of the top Indian companies have now formed committees to address climate related issues. The change has been witnessed between 2018 and 2019.

United States topped the list with 135 companies being transparent in their disclosure. Followed by US, Japan ranked second with 83 companies. On the third, fourth and fifth ranks were UK (78), France (51) and India (38) respectively.

The report said that, over 6,900 companies have so far disclosed their data through Carbon Disclosure Project. This contributes to 55% of world capitalization.

Global Reporting Initiative

The Global Reporting initiative helps businesses, organizations and governments to understand the impacts of climate change, corruption and human rights.

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National Ganga Mission Begins Conservation of wet lands along the Ganges

The National Mission of Clean Ganga (NMCG) has taken up the initiative under Namami Gange Project to conserve wetlands of the Ganges basin. The primary aim of Namami Gange project is to rejuvenate the river by increasing its flow. It also includes recharging aquifers and conservation of wetlands.

Highlights

The NMCG along with the State Wetland authorities will identify and prepare plans in conserving wetlands.

Conditions of Wetlands along Ganges

Some of the wetlands are degraded through the drainage, landfill and over exploitation. For instance, the recently closed Sisamau Nala drainage in Kanpur contaminated the underground water and also river ecosystem in the region.

Significance of Wetlands

The wetlands provide nutrient recycling, flood and drought mitigation, surface and groundwater recharge.

Wetland Conservation

Ramsar Convention is an intergovernmental treaty that was established in 1971 by UNESCO. It is a treaty that was signed for the conservation of wetlands. There are 27 Ramsar sited in India.

Steps of India

India differentiates its wetlands into 8 categories based on their regional presence. It includes Deccan Plateau in the south, saline expanses in Rajasthan, Gulf of Kutch and Gujarat, delta wetlands of India’s East Coast, lakes and rivers in mountain regions of Ladakh and Kashmir, marshes and swamps in northeast India and Himalayan foothills and mangroves of Andaman and Nicobar Islands.

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