Environment & Biodiversity Current Affairs - 2019
Latest Environment Current Affairs 2019 for UPSC Exams, Bank Exams, Civil Services, SSC and other Competitive Exams. Latest developments in Environment and Climate Change 2019 all important national updates in Environment events for the year 2019.
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The Ministry of Environment, Forest & Climate Change (MoEFCC) has launched a song titled ‘Hawa Aane De’ to spread awareness about Air pollution.
- Background: Every year on 5 June World Environment Day (WED) is celebrated globally. The MoEFCC celebrates WED focussing on the annual theme declared by United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) and organizes several events accordingly. For the year 2019 theme for WED is ‘Air Pollution’. Thus Keeping with annual tradition the main function will be being held at Vigyan Bhawan on 5th June, 2019 and it will be presided over by the Environment Minister. The WED will also be celebrated across the country in State Capitals and UT’s.
- Event Includes: release of several books, launch of a film competition on environment and three thematic sessions on- Air Pollution, Waste Management and Forests: the Green Lungs of cities.
About “Hawa Aane De” Song
- It is the theme song for WED 2019 and was launched in New Delhi by Shri C.K. Mishra, Secretary MoEFCC in presence of artists involved with song.
- Objective: the song is a call to action for all people to come together to combat environmental challenges of our time. It urges each one of us to explore green technologies and measures to improve air quality and make India less polluted.
- Produced By: MoEFCC in collaboration with Bhamla Foundation, Mumbai. The song “HawaAaneDe” is done with with celebrities and influencers with intention to carry out message of Air Pollution.
- Written By: Shri Swanand Kirkire.
- Sung by: Sunidhi Chauhan, Shri Shantanu Mukherjee Shankar Mahadevan and Kapil Sharma.
- The film has been directed by Shri Romanchak Arora.
About National Clean Air programme (NCAP)
- It is one of the initiatives recently by launched Ministry of Environment, Forest & Climate Change (MoEFCC) to combat air pollution
- Objective: to control and abate air pollution across the country.
- It is a mid-term 5 Year Action Plan. It is a multi-sectoral and collaborative approach with mainstreaming and integration to reduce air pollution.
- Target: to reduce 20-30% of PM 2.5 and PM 10 concentration in 102 cities. Out of 102, 84 cities have already submitted their action plan.
Tags: 5 June World Environment Day • Bhamla Foundation • Forests: the Green Lungs of cities • HawaAaneDe Song • Ministry of Environment Forest & Climate Change (MoEFCC) • National Clean Air programme (NCAP) • United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) • Vigyan Bhawan • World Environment Day (WED)
Over 25 State governments missed the deadline for submitting their action plans on systematic disposal of plastic waste to Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB). The April 30 deadline set by National Green Tribunal has expired and thus states may have to pay a fine as environment compensation of ₹1 crore each.
Background: In early 2019, National Green Tribunal (NGT) directed all States and Union Territories (except Sikkim, Andhra Pradesh, West Bengal and Puducherry) to submit an action plan for compliance of PWM (Plastic Waste Mnagement) Rules and submit the same to CPCB by 30 April 2019. Moreover, NGT ordered that if any state fails to submit action plans within designated deadline it will have to pay the pollution body compensation at the rate of ₹1 crore per month after 1 May 2019.
Arguments by CPCB
- The conditions of waste management in country are poor as states do not prioritise plastic and solid waste management rules. Waste management is considered last in the list of priorities of state’s municipal corporations.
- Initially the States did not comply with CPCB orders, so it moved the NGT. Now the states are violating NGT orders, so they have to pay price for their laxity.
- The CPCB will now inform NGT about non-compliance and make states pay heavy amount for default. In some cases punishment not just includes compensation but imprisonment too.
Cause of Non-Compliance
- The main reason for non-compliance of plastic waste management rules is the lack of knowledge and updates among concerned State authorities such as state pollution control boards.
- There is also a communication gap between Ministry of environment, central government officials and state level government officials responsible for waste management compliance.
The Ministry of Environment thus needs to conduct regular awareness programmes in states to educate state-level officials to carry out necessary measures to segregate plastic and dispose it.