Environment Current Affairs

Latest Environment Current Affairs 2019 for UPSC Exams, Bank Exams, Civil Services, SSC and other Competitive Exams. Latest developments in Environment and Climate Change 2019 all important national updates in Environment events for the year 2019.

Ministry of Tribal Affairs constitutes committee on Community Forest Resource Guidelines

The Union Ministry of Tribal Affairs recently constituted a committee under NC Saxena, former member of Planning Commission of India. The Committee will examine and recommend Community Forest Resources (CFR) Guidelines. The Committee has been constituted under Forest Rights Act, 2006.

Why the Committee?

In 2016, the Tribal Affairs Ministry framed CFR in consultation with the Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change. However, the guidelines faced several criticisms from tribal organizations all over India. They complained that the guidelines were too technical.

The Issue

The Forest Right Act, 2006 gives habitat rights to the Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Group and pre-agriculture communities. They shall access the resources in the area that are designated as their habitat. However, the act left it at the responsibility of the states to identify the habitats. Several states failed to recognize such habitats.

Therefore, the Committee will provide a report clarifying concepts and detail the procedures that make implementation of CFR guidelines easy and understandable.

Global Coalition for Biodiversity launched on World Wildlife Day

On March 3, 2020, on the sidelines of the World Wildlife Day celebrations, Global Coalition for Biodiversity was launched. The initiative was launched by the European commission. The coalition was named “United for Biodiversity”.

Highlights

The Global Coalition is constituted of national parks, aquariums, zoos, botanical gardens and science museums that are spread all over the world. The Coalition has called the institutions all over the world to join before the Convention on Biological Diversity in Kunming, China. The Convention is to be held in China in October 2020.

The coalition has been welcomed by several organizations including United Nations Environment Programme.

IPBES at the Coalition

The Coalition cited Intergovernmental Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services findings that more than 1 million species are under risk of extinction. The Coalition hence adopted a pledge to appeal to visitors of the institutions associated with it to “raise voice for Nature”.

What is IPBES?

IPBES is Intergovernmental Science-Policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services. It was established in Panama City in 2012 by 94 countries. It is not a part of United Nations. However, on the request of IPBES, the United Nations Environment Programme provides secretariat services to IPBES.

IPBES focuses on assessments, building capacity and knowledge, policy support on Biodiversity.