Environment Current Affairs 2017

Kerala’s Ashtamudi clam fishery to first in India to receive MSC certification

Clam fishery in the Ashtamudi estuary in Kolam district of Kerala is the first in India to receive Marine Stewardship Council (MSC) certification. This certification will help to boost sustainable fisheries while protecting the ecosystem in this Wetland area.

It has become the third in Asia to receive this recognition.

It is a joint effort of the Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute (CMFRI), Kochi, the Kerala State Fisheries Department and the World Wildlife Fund, along with the local fishing community.

What is Marine Stewardship Council (MSC) certification programme?

  • The MSC programme is the world’s most rigorous, science-based standard criteria for sustainable seafood.
  • MSC certification is basically ecolabel used to monitor the health of the world’s oceans by recognizing and rewarding sustainable fishing practices, influencing the choices people make when buying seafood, and working with partners to transform the seafood market to a sustainable basis.
  • This certification implies the implementation of measures that will ensure that the resource is not overfished at the cost of the eco-system.
  • When buyers choose to purchase MSC certified fish, fisheries are rewarded for sustainable practices.
  • Thus MSC programme helps to harness market forces to incentivise positive environmental change.
  • Globally, over 11 per cent of the annual global harvest of wild fisheries is engaged in the MSC programme. Globally more than 19,500 seafood products are certified and eco-lebeled by MSC.

Implications

  • It also opens up the scope for other fisheries in India to work towards MSC certification that will enhance conservation and sustainability of the resource while providing greater economic returns.
  • This may be set an example by showcasing the world that development and environment protection go hand in hand and participatory approach at the local level in managing biodiversity is an important aspect of it.

About Ashtamudi estuary

Ashtamudi estuary is a Ramsar Wetland of international importance and second largest in Kerala. Clam fishery in this estuary dates back to 1981 and supports livelihood of around 3,000 fishermen involved in collection, cleaning, processing and trading of clams. In 1993, clam commercial fishery had declined due overfishing in order to meet its demand in South Asian countries.

In order to stop overfishing strict guidelines were introduced which included closed season fishing, mesh restrictions for nets, minimum export size and banning mechanical clam fishing.

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Government reconstitutes Prime Minister’s Council on Climate Change

On 5th November 2014, Union government reconstituted the Prime Minister’s Council on Climate Change.

The new Council on Climate Change will be headed by Prime Minister. It will formulate and coordinate the National Action Plan for Assessment, Adaptation and Mitigation of Climate Change.

The council will have 18 members, which includes 13 government representatives and 5 non-government members. Among 13 government representatives, 8 will be ministers.

The council will focus on the following tasks:

  • The new council will coordinate the action plan and advise the government on proactive measures that can be taken to deal with the challenge of climate change.
  • It will facilitate inter-ministerial coordination and guide policy in relevant areas.
  • The council will evolve a coordinated response to issues relating to climate change at the national level.
  • It will provide oversight for formulation of action plans in the area of assessment, adaptation and mitigation of climate change and periodically monitor key policy decisions.

The composition of the re-constituted Prime Minister’s Council on Climate Change:

  1. Prime Minister(Head of Council)
  2. Minister for External Affairs
  3. Union Finance Minister
  4. Union Minister for Environment, Forests and Climate Change: It will assist the Prime Minister’s Office in facilitating the work of the council.
  5. Union Minister for Water Resources, River Development and Ganga Rejuvenation.
  6. Union Minister for Agriculture.
  7. Union Minister for Urban Development.
  8. Union Minister for Science and Technology.
  9. Union MoS of Power, Coal and NRE.
  10. Principal Secretary to PM (Member-convener of this panel)
  11. Cabinet Secretary.
  12. Foreign Secretary.
  13. Secretary, Ministry of Environment, Forests and Climate Change.

Retained members from previous council

  1. R. K. Pachauri, Chairperson ofIPCC and TERI.
  2. Nitin Desai.
  3. Chandrasekar Dasgupta

Newly added members

  1. Ajay Mathur, Chairperson, BEE
  2. M. Mouskar, retired IAS officer.

Previous Council

The first and previous was formed in 2007. It was chaired by then Prime Minister Dr. Manmohan Singh. It included government representatives and non-government members. But this council had not met for over three years.

Sunita Narain, Raj Chengappa, R.Ramachandran,Prodopto Ghosh and RatanTata were the members of this council who are dropped from this year’s council.

The country’s National Action Plan on Climate Change was framed by this Council.

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