Environment Current Affairs - 2020

Latest Environment Current Affairs 2019 for UPSC Exams, Bank Exams, Civil Services, SSC and other Competitive Exams. Latest developments in Environment and Climate Change 2019 all important national updates in Environment events for the year 2019.

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Animal Culture linked to its Conservation at CMS COP 13 for the first time

The Convention on the Conservation on Migratory birds Conference of Parties (CMS COP 13) is being held in Gandhinagar. Proposals were presented to conserve Sperm Whales and Chimpanzees based on their culture. This is the first time such proposal is being made in the world.

Highlights

It was presented at the conference that some of the animals such as elephants, dolphins and whales acquire some of their knowledge through social learning. They learn most of their behaviors from adults, especially the migrating routes.

Findings

The report presented at the conference says that when a species gets vanished from an area, its critical knowledge will also be lost. For instance, as a result of commercial whaling in the coast of New Zealand, the whales lost their knowledge of migration route and stopped calving in the region. This was during 1800. Recently, in 2000, after 200 years, they have started calving in the region again.

This proves that genetic mixing among the species might help in recolonizing their forgotten destinations. Therefore, it is essential to protect their cultural knowledge for their survival.

In case of Chimpanzees, their nut cracking methodologies are passed on to their next generations.

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Delhi Airport: The First Single-use Plastic-free airport

The Delhi International Airport Limited (DIAL) has become the first airport in India to become free of single-use plastics. The airport committed itself to become single-use plastics free on the World Environment Day in 2018.

Highlights

DIAL has used eco-friendly alternatives to reduce the plastic use. The Plastic items that are exempted at the airport included sealed PET bottles, security tamper-evident bags, pre-packaged materials from manufacturers and compostable plastic bags.

This is important because it is the leading airport in the country with annual traffic of 68.5 million passengers per annum.

Significance

The step is being adopted to keep up India’s target of abolishing use of single-use plastics by 2022. This targets six main types of plastics that are plastic cups, bags, small bottles, plates, pouches and straws. The Swachh Bharat Mission is deployed in achieving the target.

Need

India produces 26,000 tonnes of plastic trash every day. Much of this trash is dumped in landfills, streets or spilled in waterways. Around 40% of the plastic used in the world is single-use plastic. Therefore, it is highly imperative to take serious actions to stop their usage.

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