Environment Current Affairs - 2020

Latest Environment Current Affairs 2019 for UPSC Exams, Bank Exams, Civil Services, SSC and other Competitive Exams. Latest developments in Environment and Climate Change 2019 all important national updates in Environment events for the year 2019.

Supreme Court: African Cheetah permitted to be introduced in India

On January 28, 2020, Supreme Court ruled that African Cheetah shall be permitted to be introduced in India. The cat is being introduced on experimental basis.

Highlights

The Apex Court had put the move on hold 10 years back. It was proposed by the then Environment Minister Jairam Ramesh. The proposal was to introduce foreign Cheetahs into the Palpur Kuno sanctuary in Madhya Pradesh. However, the Apex Court stalled the proposal fearing the Cheetahs might become into conflict with the project of reintroduction of lions in the sanctuary.

Supreme Court formed a three-member committee based on whose recommendation the judgement was pronounced.

Need

Cheetah is the only mammal being hunted to extinction in India.  The last Cheetah was sighted in 1952.

IUCN Red List

Cheetahs are classified as “Critically Endangered” under the IUCN Red List.

Why are the Cheetahs reintroduced in India?

With the Cheetahs extinct in India, the environmentalists suggest that it is essential to reintroduce them in order to maintain balance in the ecosystem.

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India’s first underwater Metro: To begin in March 2022 in Kolkata

The first underwater Metro is being constructed in Hooghly river. The project is awaiting clearance of 2.8 million USD from the Indian Railways.

Highlights

The Hooghly Metro is one of the oldest Metro in the country. It was started in 1984. The new under water tunnel will carry 20% of city’s population and will cross the river in less than a minute. Currently it takes 20 minutes in the ferry to cross the river and an hour to cross the Howrah bridge.

Infrastructure and Environment

While the infrastructural developments are increasing exponentially, it is important to check their effects on environment. According to World Wide Funds, by 2050 the Earth will hold 75% more infrastructure than that it does today. Therefore, it is essential to study their Environmental impacts and take necessary alternate actions to protect the environment.

Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA)

According to United Nations Environmental Programme (UNEP), EIA is the evaluation of environmental impacts and also cultural, human-health and socio-economic impacts of a proposed project.

EIA in India

EIA in India began in 1976. However, it was an administrative decision till 1994. In 1994 Environmental (Protection) act, 1986 was amended to provide legislative support to EIA process

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