Environment & Biodiversity Current Affairs - 2019
Latest Environment Current Affairs 2019 for UPSC Exams, Bank Exams, Civil Services, SSC and other Competitive Exams. Latest developments in Environment and Climate Change 2019 all important national updates in Environment events for the year 2019.
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Geological Survey of India installed Geological Display Boards at Mawmluh cave, Therriaghat in Meghalaya
The Geological Survey of India (GSI) North Eastern Region (NER) installed two geological display boards at two important geological sites in Meghalaya.
- The boards are unveiled at Meghalaya’s two important geological sites namely Mawmluh cave and Therriaghat, Sobhar in East Khasi Hill District.
- These geological display boards with geo-scientific information will help in creating awareness among visiting tourists, students and general public.
- They will help preserve site and also help future generation will be aware of such geological developments.
- Their importance was highlighted recently when high resolution stable isotopic studies of stalagmites from cave showed that there was a major climatic event about 4200 years ago.
- The stalagmite in Mawmluh cave has been tagged as Global Stratotype Section and Point (GSSP). It makes it first formally ratified marker of a geological time period in India.
- The Meghalayan Age period began about 4200 years ago experienced an abrupt mega-drought and cooling around the world.
- It marks Cretaceous (K)-Palaeogene (Pg) mass extinction event.
- The Um-Sohryngkew (Wahrew) river section at Therriaghat is known for having the most complete records of Cretaceous-Palaeogene (K-Pg) boundary transition in India. There is also a high level of iridium metal from the boundary which marks catastrophic event when a giant meteorite hit earth.
According to The India Met Department (IMD) Cyclone Fani in South East Bay of Bengal is likely to intensify from a severe cyclonic storm into a ‘very severe cyclonic storm’ as it approaches coastal Tamil Nadu by 30 April. Later, IMD issued red alert for Kerala and Tamil Nadu and asked fishermen to avoid going into sea in South East Bay and adjoining equatorial Indian Ocean and those already at sea to return immediately till further notice.
A very severe cyclonic storm means Fani will get ‘category three’ storm status on five-step Saffir-Simpson scale (or Saffir–Simpson hurricane wind scale).
The Cyclone Fani
- It was formed at low pressure region in south east of Sumatra (Indonesian island), which further intensified into a depression.
- It is expected to hit Tamil Nadu at speeds of over 100 kmph by 30april and is unlikely to cross Tamil Nadu coast and south Andhra coast.
- It will result in light to moderate rainfall in coastal Tamil Nadu, Puducherry and Kerala and rainfall at isolated places in South Coastal Andhra Pradesh.
- Currently moving in north westwards direction at a speed of 21 kilometres per hour, it is expected to slowly change direction after May 1 to north and north-eastward
- In past similar cyclones observed during summer months which recurve leave atmosphere high and dry and results in soaring temperatures after its passes. It is yet to be seen if cyclone Fani is going to repeat same.
Cyclone in recent years:
- In 2017 Cyclone Ockhi hit parts of Kerala, Tamil Nadu and Sri Lanka.
- Cyclone Gaja, Cyclones Sagar (in Somalia), Cyclone Mekunu (striked Oman), Cyclone Luban (affected the Arabian Peninsula) and Cyclone Titli (made landfall near Palasa, Andhra Pradesh)were part of 2018 North Indian Ocean cyclone season.
- Cyclone Pabuk originated over the Gulf of Thailand, in 2019
The Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Wind Scale
- It classifies hurricanes or Western Hemisphere tropical cyclones that exceed intensities of tropical depressions and tropical storms into five categories or 1 to 5 rating based on intensities of their sustained winds.
- It estimates potential property damage.
- Cyclones reaching Category 3 and higher are considered alarming because of their potential for significant loss of life and damage.
- They are also known as Hurricanes (in Atlantic), Typhoons (in Western Pacific and South China Sea), Willy-willies (in Western Australia).
- It is an intense circular storm that originates over warm tropical oceans and is characterized by low atmospheric pressure, high winds, and heavy rain.
- It draws energy from sea surface, maintains its strength as long as it remains over warm water, and generates winds that can exceed 119 km (74 miles) per hour.
Tags: 2018 North Indian Ocean cyclone season • Cyclone Fani • Hurricanes • India Met Department • Saffir–Simpson hurricane wind scale • Sumatra • Tropical Cyclone • Typhoons • very severe cyclonic storm