Environment Current Affairs - 2020

Latest Environment Current Affairs 2019 for UPSC Exams, Bank Exams, Civil Services, SSC and other Competitive Exams. Latest developments in Environment and Climate Change 2019 all important national updates in Environment events for the year 2019.

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Centre approves disaster relief fund to seven states

The Government of India approved Rs 5,908 crores of disaster relief fund to seven states. It includes Karnataka, UP, Assam, MP, Tripura Maharashtra and Himachal Pradesh. The states were badly affected due to floods and landslides caused by South West Monsoon rains.

Highlights

A high-level committee operating under Home Ministry on January 6, 2020 approved disaster relief fund from National Disaster Respond Fund (NDRF). In 2019-20, the GoI released Rs 8.068.33 crores from its share from the State Disaster Respond Fund (SDRF). Under the fund, 75% of the fund is contributed by the centre and 25% by the state.

National Disaster Respond Fund

The National Disaster Respond Fund was established under the disaster Management Act, 2005. It is defined under Section 46 of the act. The NDRF was established to supplement SDRF. The aim of the fund is to provide immediate relief from natural disasters and not as compensation for crop loss or damage to properties.

In 2010, the National Calamity Contingency Fund was renamed NDRF. A dedicated calamity fund for the first time was recommended by the 9th Finance Commission in 1990.

National Executive Committee

The National Executive Committee operating under National Disaster Management Authority decides on the expenses of the NDRF based on the guidelines released by GoI in 2015.

Sources of NDRF

The NDRF is collected through cess levied on certain items, excise duties, customs duties. The budgetary allocations also contribute to the fund.

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MECOS-3, 2020: Global Marine Ecosystem Meet in Kochi

The Marine Ecosystems-Challenges and Opportunities (MECOS), the third international symposium is to be held in Kochi. The symposium is conducted by the Marine Biological association of India between January 7, 2020 and January 10, 2020.

Highlights

Scientists, Fisheries researchers, Marine biotechnologists and oceanographers from all over the world are to participate in the meet. The symposium will act as a common platform for the experts to discuss on climate crisis, unusual warming of Arabian Sea, ocean acidification, etc. It will discuss development of small-scale fisheries, green fishing technologies and eco-labelling. The symposium will review concerns of marine ecosystem and will formulate new strategies for sustainable utilisation of marine wealth.

The Conference is important because billions of people rely on oceans for their jobs and food. A Healthy ocean is also important for economic growth and food production.

SDG-14

The symposium is to focus on the Sustainable Development Goal of the United Nations, SDG-14. SDG-14 says, “Conserve and Sustainably use the oceans and its resources for sustainable development”

Significance

Ocean acidification that is caused due to uptake of carbon-dioxide has changed the chemical composition of the seawaters. According to the United Nations, over the past 30 years, acidity has increased by 26% since pre-industrial times. The marine fish stocks that are at biologically sustainable levels have declined from 90% (1974) to 99.9% (2015).

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