Environment Current Affairs - 2020
Latest Environment Current Affairs 2019 for UPSC Exams, Bank Exams, Civil Services, SSC and other Competitive Exams. Latest developments in Environment and Climate Change 2019 all important national updates in Environment events for the year 2019.
On January 7, 2020, the International Meteorological Organisation released its “State of Climate Report” for the year 2019. According to the report, the climate change has claimed 1,659 lives in India in the year 2019. 2019 is the seventh warmest year since 1901. The temperatures were not high as compared to 2016 (the warmest year so far) mainly due to weak El Nino in the Pacific.
Highlights of the report
The extreme weather events that occurred in the country in the year 2019 were all linked to climate change. It includes cyclones, floods, heat waves, cold waves, landslides, etc. Of all the states, Bihar reported highest deaths (650) due to extreme weather events. Of these 300 died in floods and 350 died due to heat waves. Following Bihar, other states such as Maharashtra, UP, Kerala, Rajasthan and Karnataka showed high numbers of deaths due to extreme weather events.
New Delhi recorded the longest cold wave duration of 18 days since 1902.
There were 8 cyclonic storms that were formed in the Indian seas. Of these, around 5 were formed in Arabian sea. This was unusual as compared to the usual one per year. The cyclones in Arabian sea was 400% more than usual.
The report also stated that heavy rains claimed 850 lives. Heat waves that was stronger in North Eastern and western parts claimed 350 lives.
Tags: Climate Change • Cyclone • IMD • Rainstorms • State of Climate Report
The Government of India approved Rs 5,908 crores of disaster relief fund to seven states. It includes Karnataka, UP, Assam, MP, Tripura Maharashtra and Himachal Pradesh. The states were badly affected due to floods and landslides caused by South West Monsoon rains.
A high-level committee operating under Home Ministry on January 6, 2020 approved disaster relief fund from National Disaster Respond Fund (NDRF). In 2019-20, the GoI released Rs 8.068.33 crores from its share from the State Disaster Respond Fund (SDRF). Under the fund, 75% of the fund is contributed by the centre and 25% by the state.
National Disaster Respond Fund
The National Disaster Respond Fund was established under the disaster Management Act, 2005. It is defined under Section 46 of the act. The NDRF was established to supplement SDRF. The aim of the fund is to provide immediate relief from natural disasters and not as compensation for crop loss or damage to properties.
In 2010, the National Calamity Contingency Fund was renamed NDRF. A dedicated calamity fund for the first time was recommended by the 9th Finance Commission in 1990.
National Executive Committee
The National Executive Committee operating under National Disaster Management Authority decides on the expenses of the NDRF based on the guidelines released by GoI in 2015.
Sources of NDRF
The NDRF is collected through cess levied on certain items, excise duties, customs duties. The budgetary allocations also contribute to the fund.
Tags: Disaster Managament • Disaster Management Act • Disaster Relief • National Disaster Management Agency • National Disaster Response Force