Environment Current Affairs
On May 7, 2020, the Bengal Forest Ministry announced that the number of Royal Bengal Tigers in the Sundarbans has increased to 96 according to the census conducted for the year 2019-20.
In 2017-18, the total count of Royal Bengal Tigers in Sundarbans was 87. It increased to 88 in the 2018-19 census. With the numbers reaching 96, there has been a big leap. The tigers are healthy according to the video footages of the forest department. The cameras have been installed across 4,200 square kilometres. Of this, 3,700 square kilometres is said to be tiger territory.
Under IUCN, the Royal Bengal Tigers are listed as Endangered Species.
Tigers live in dense vegetation. A habitat of a tiger is not only the place where it lives and preys. It also includes the areas where the tigers congregate and establishes a territory. It is called Tiger Territory. Tigers generally limit their movements within their territory. Every tiger has its own territory.
The Sundarbans are of universal importance and is the largest mangrove forest in the world. It is one of the World Heritage Site. The Sundarbans mangrove forests are formed on the delta of Ganges, Brahmaputra and Meghna rivers.
Global Tiger Forum
The Global Tiger Forum is the only inter-governmental organization that is involved in promoting conservation of tiger. India is also a part of the programme. According to the forum, tigers have lost 97% of their population and 94% of their home.
Tags: Brahmaputra • Ganga • Sundarban • Sundarbans • Sundarbans Reserve Forest
The Indian Meteorological Department (IMD) has released 169 new names for the tropical cyclones in the Indian Ocean Region.
The names were contributed by 13 countries namely India, Sri Lanka, Maldives, Myanmar, Oman, Thailand, Qatar, UAE, Saudi Arabia, Yemen, Pakistan, Bangladesh and Iran. The decision to create new list of cyclones was taken during the 45th session of Panel on Tropical Cyclones (PTC) held by World Meteorological Organization.
Rules in fixing names
The names should have the following rules
- The proposed names should be neutral to cultures, politics, gender and religious beliefs
- The name should not hurt the sentiments of the group of population in the world
- The name should not be rude or cruel in nature
- The PTC has rights to reject the names suggested by the countries
- The name should be short with less than 8 characters and easy to pronounce.
Regional Specialize Meteorological Centre
The RSMC in New Delhi is responsible to name the cyclones in the region of Bay of Bengal and Arabian Sea. The suggestion of names of cyclones in these regions including Northern Indian is given by countries such as India, Bangladesh, Maldives, Myanmar, Pakistan, Oman, Sri Lanka and Thailand.