Environment Current Affairs - 2019
Latest Environment Current Affairs 2019 for UPSC Exams, Bank Exams, Civil Services, SSC and other Competitive Exams. Latest developments in Environment and Climate Change 2019 all important national updates in Environment events for the year 2019.
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India has contributed $1 million to United Nations (UN) Headquarters’ Solar Project, under which solar panels will be installed on roof of world body’s headquarters at New York, US. This contribution makes India first responder to UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres’ call for climate action. The contribution will help reduce carbon footprint and promote sustainable energy.
In June 2018, during session on World Environment Day (observed on 5 June), India had intended to partner with UN Secretariat to use renewable solar energy at UN premises. It had expressed hope that by next World Environment Day, solar energy will be part of energy mix used in UN Headquartered building.
Union Ministry of Environment, Forests and Climate Change (MoEFCC) on eve of World Ozone Day (16th September) released draft India Cooling Action Plan (ICAP). It makes India first country in world to develop such document. The draft was prepared by Ozone Cell of MoEFC. It aims to provide sustainable cooling while keeping in mind, at the same time, the need to protect the ozone layer from substances that can deplete it. It provides a 20-year perspective, with projections for cooling needs in 2037-38.
India Cooling Action Plan (ICAP)
ICAP addresses cooling requirement across sectors and lists out actions which can help reduce cooling demand. Its thrust is to look for synergies in actions for securing both environmental and socio-economic benefits. ICAP’s overarching goal is to provide sustainable cooling and thermal comfort for all while securing environmental and socio-economic benefits for the society.
Goals suggested in ICAP are
- Reduce refrigerant demand by 25% to 30% by year 2037-38.
- Reduce cooling demand across sectors by 20% to 25 % by year 2037-38.
- Reduce cooling energy requirements by 25% to 40% by year 2037-38.
- Train and certify 100,000 servicing sector technicians by 2022-23, in synergy with Skill India Mission.
- Recognize cooling and related areas as thrust area of research under national science and technology programme to support development of technological solutions and encourage innovation challenges.
Broad objectives of ICAO include
- Assessment of cooling requirements across sectors in next 20 years and the associated refrigerant demand and energy use.
- Map the technologies available to cater the cooling requirement including passive interventions, refrigerant-based technologies and alternative technologies such as not-in-kind technologies.
- Suggest interventions in each sector to provide for sustainable cooling and thermal comfort for all.
- Focus on skilling of refrigeration and air-conditioning (RAC) service technicians.
- Develop R&D innovation ecosystem for indigenous development of alternative technologies.