Environment Current Affairs 2018

Latest Environment Current Affairs 2017 for UPSC Exams, Bank Exams, Civil Services, SSC and other Competitive Exams. Latest developments in Environment and Climate Change 2017 all important national updates in Environment events for the year 2017

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June 8: World Oceans Day

The World Oceans Day is being observed every year on 8th June to raise global awareness of current challenges faced by the international community in connection with the oceans. The day also seeks to provide unique opportunity to honour, protect, and conserve the world’s oceans. The focus of World Oceans Day 2018 is on ‘Peventing plastic pollution and encouraging solutions for a healthy ocean’. It also coincided with theme of World Environment Day 2018-‘Beat Plastic Pollution’.

Background

The United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) had designated 8 June as the World Oceans Day in 2008 by passing its resolution 63/111. Prior to it was unofficially celebrated every 8 June. In 1992, Canada had prosed celebration of this day at Earth Summit in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Since 2003, the day has been coordinated by The Ocean Project.

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India’s E-waste Generation: Key Facts from ASSOCHAM-NEC Study

A recent ASSOCHAM-NEC study on “Electricals & Electronics Manufacturing in India” has revealed that India recycles only 5% of its e-waste and the country is one of the biggest contributors of e-waste in the world.

E-waste of electronic waste refers to the electronic equipment being thrown away. It includes discarded computer monitors, motherboards, Cathode Ray Tubes (CRT), Printed Circuit Board (PCB), mobile phones and chargers, compact discs, headphones, white goods such as Liquid Crystal Displays (LCD)/ Plasma televisions, air conditioners, refrigerators and so on.

Key Points from ASSOCHAM-NEC study

According to the recent ASSOCHAM-NEC study:

  • India generates around 2 million tonnes per annum (TPA) of E-waste of which 12% constituted of telecom equipment alone.
  • Apart from India, the top e-waste generator countries are China, US, Japan and Germany.
  • Among Indian states, largest quantity of E-waste is generated by Maharashtra (19.8% ), followed by Tamil Nadu (13%), Uttar Pradesh (10.1%), Karnataka (8.9%), Gujarat (8.8%) and Madhya Pradesh (7.6%).
  • Out of the 2 million TPA e-waste generated, only 4.38 Lakh TPA is recycled in India.
  • The low quantum of recycling of e-waste in India is due to lack of infrastructure, absence of strong legislative framework etc.
  • The chemicals and pollutants generated by E-waste lead to environment and public health issues. Prolonged exposure to chemicals released by e-waste causes damage of nervous systems, blood systems, kidneys and brain development, respiratory disorders, skin disorders, bronchitis, lung cancer, heart, liver, and spleen damage.

E-waste is one of the major global concerns of the 21st century. As per Moore’s law, the transistor numbers to be accommodated in same size chip double every two years, and due to this most electronic systems get outdated in about three years. People upgrade their mobiles, laptops, cameras, televisions etc. creating a large amount of useless e-waste.

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