Environment Current Affairs
The Ministry of Environment has recategorized all the bulk drugs manufacturers under category ‘A’ to category ‘B2’. An Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) Notification 2006 was amended in order to achieve this.
The projects that are falling under Category A require mandatory EIA. On the other hand, the projects under Category B2 are exempted from EIA. The recategorization will fasten the process. The recategorization has been done to decentralize the proposals to state level.
The states have been provided with guidelines to process the proposals before authorising them.
Environment Impact Assessment
The EIA is a process to evaluate environmental impacts caused due a proposed project. The EIA is backed by the Environment Protection Act, 1986. There are four stages in EIA cycle. They are screening, scoping, public hearing and appraisal.
The Categories A and B have only one difference. The Category A projects require mandatory environmental clearance and does not undergo screening. On the other hand, category B projects undergoes screening process.
Under Category B, there are two types. They are Category B1 and Category B2. Category B1 are those projects that require EIA for appraisal and also has to undergo public consultation and category B2 are those that do not require EIA.
The Screening process is done to decide whether EIA is required or not. The screening process submits a report called Initial Environment Examination.
Tags: COVID-19 • Environment (Protection) Act 1986 • Environment Policies • Environment protection • Environmental Clearances
On April 1, 2020, the United Nations announced that the Conference of Parties (COP 26) that was to be held in Glasgow in November 2020 has been pushed to 2021. This is being done over the threat of COVID-19 virus and its impact on the world.
The COP 26 which is considered as an important climate negotiation since Paris agreement has been delayed. The decision was taken after the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change agreed to delay the talks.
Delaying the talks has induced fear of easing governments over the targets set by the Paris agreement. The 1.5 degree report of IPCC (Inter Governmental Panel on Climate Change) had warned that the world will breach the 1.5 degree Celsius limit set between 2030 and 2052. Currently the world is 1.2 degrees warmer than the pre industrial levels. The aim was to keep it under 1.5 degrees. This is because, at such temperature all the corals in the planet would bleach off and die eventually affecting the marine ecosystem to a great extent. This will slowly affect the global environment and survival on the earth.
Therefore, delaying the talks will lead to lose of track in checking the emissions of different countries. The UN should come up with alternatives such as video conferencing as that adopted by SAARC and G20.