Environment & Biodiversity Current Affairs - 2019
Latest Environment Current Affairs 2019 for UPSC Exams, Bank Exams, Civil Services, SSC and other Competitive Exams. Latest developments in Environment and Climate Change 2019 all important national updates in Environment events for the year 2019.
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India’s only orangutan named Binny died at the age of 41 in Nandankanan Zoological Park in Bhubaneswar, Odisha.
- About: The Nandankanan Zoological Park (NZP) has lost one of its beloved members the 41-year-old orangutan ‘Bini’, an extant species of great apes.
- Background: The lone female orangutan Binny, was brought to Nandankanan Zoo from Pune’s Rajiv Gandhi Zoological Park on 20 November 2003, when she was 25 years old. Since her arrival she has been alone in her zoo enclosure and zoo officials failed to arrange a male partner for her.
- Reason: According to NZP, ‘Binny’ died due to age-related complications. He also suffered from respiratory tract infection. Tissue samples were collected and postmortem is scheduled, for further investigation to correlate exact cause of death.
- Care: She was taken out of the enclosure a year ago. The orangutan was under treatment for a year by experts from College of Veterinary Science and Animal Husbandry, OUAT. Even the orangutan’s experts from United Kingdom (UK) and Singapore were also giving constant advice.
- The word “orangutan” actually means “person of forest”.
- They are one of the world’s three extant species of great apes.
- Orangutans are native to Indonesia and Malaysia and are currently found only in rain forests of Borneo and Sumatra.
- They are considered to be among most intelligent primates. An orangutan can live up to 45 years in the wild and even more in zoos.
- They have been extensively studied by researchers for their learning abilities.
- They use a variety of sophisticated tools and even construct elaborate sleeping nests from branches and foliage.
Tags: Bhubaneswar • Binny India's Orangutan • College of Veterinary Science and Animal Husbandry • Extant Species of Great Apes. • Indonesia • Malaysia • Nandankanan Zoological Park • Odisha • Orangutans • Rajiv Gandhi Zoological Park
The Ministry of Environment, Forest & Climate Change (MoEFCC) has launched a song titled ‘Hawa Aane De’ to spread awareness about Air pollution.
- Background: Every year on 5 June World Environment Day (WED) is celebrated globally. The MoEFCC celebrates WED focussing on the annual theme declared by United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) and organizes several events accordingly. For the year 2019 theme for WED is ‘Air Pollution’. Thus Keeping with annual tradition the main function will be being held at Vigyan Bhawan on 5th June, 2019 and it will be presided over by the Environment Minister. The WED will also be celebrated across the country in State Capitals and UT’s.
- Event Includes: release of several books, launch of a film competition on environment and three thematic sessions on- Air Pollution, Waste Management and Forests: the Green Lungs of cities.
About “Hawa Aane De” Song
- It is the theme song for WED 2019 and was launched in New Delhi by Shri C.K. Mishra, Secretary MoEFCC in presence of artists involved with song.
- Objective: the song is a call to action for all people to come together to combat environmental challenges of our time. It urges each one of us to explore green technologies and measures to improve air quality and make India less polluted.
- Produced By: MoEFCC in collaboration with Bhamla Foundation, Mumbai. The song “HawaAaneDe” is done with with celebrities and influencers with intention to carry out message of Air Pollution.
- Written By: Shri Swanand Kirkire.
- Sung by: Sunidhi Chauhan, Shri Shantanu Mukherjee Shankar Mahadevan and Kapil Sharma.
- The film has been directed by Shri Romanchak Arora.
About National Clean Air programme (NCAP)
- It is one of the initiatives recently by launched Ministry of Environment, Forest & Climate Change (MoEFCC) to combat air pollution
- Objective: to control and abate air pollution across the country.
- It is a mid-term 5 Year Action Plan. It is a multi-sectoral and collaborative approach with mainstreaming and integration to reduce air pollution.
- Target: to reduce 20-30% of PM 2.5 and PM 10 concentration in 102 cities. Out of 102, 84 cities have already submitted their action plan.
Tags: 5 June World Environment Day • Bhamla Foundation • Forests: the Green Lungs of cities • HawaAaneDe Song • Ministry of Environment Forest & Climate Change (MoEFCC) • National Clean Air programme (NCAP) • United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) • Vigyan Bhawan • World Environment Day (WED)