Environment & Biodiversity Current Affairs - 2019
Latest Environment Current Affairs 2019 for UPSC Exams, Bank Exams, Civil Services, SSC and other Competitive Exams. Latest developments in Environment and Climate Change 2019 all important national updates in Environment events for the year 2019.
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India has ranked 24th out of 70 countries in the first Environmental Democracy Index (EDI).
The index was recently released by Washington-based World Resources Institute (WRI) and Access Initiative.
In the first edition of this index, Lithuania has topped among the 70 countries.
Top ten countries are: Lithuania, Latvia, Russia, United States, South Africa, United Kingdom, Hungary, Bulgaria, Panama and Colombia.
Key facts from EDI report
- Right to environmental information has been established in the 93 per cent of the assessed countries.
- However, many nations lag on providing citizens basic environmental information i.e. around 79 per cent of assessed countries have earned only fair or poor ratings for public participation.
- Nearly half or around 46 per cent of assessed countries do not provide any ambient air quality data online for their capital cities.
- In 73 per cent of the countries, courts or their judiciary hear environmental cases.
- Only 14 per cent of the countries assessed have legal mechanisms that help women to access courts in order to obtain redress when their environmental rights are violated.
About Environmental Democracy Index (EDI)
- EDI evaluates progress of countries in enacting laws in order to promote citizen engagement and accountability, transparency in environmental decision-making.
- The index evaluates countries based on recognised international standards including 75 legal and 24 practice indicators.
Canada has formally announced its plans to reduce the greenhouse gas emissions by 30 per cent below 2005 levels by 2030.
In this regard, Prime Minister Stephen Harper’s led government submitted its target to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC).
Canada’s announcement comes ahead of Climate change conference to be held in Paris in December 2015 which is aiming for international efforts to create a new frame work for addressing climate change.
It should be noted that, during the 2015 Paris conference, a new international framework replacing the 1997 Kyoto Protocol is to be discussed. The main reason considered to replace this anti-global warming treaty is due to its ineffective implementation because only rich countries (developed) were required to limit their emissions.
The new framework will seek to bring poorer countries (developing) under its ambit and force them to make commitments under the new framework.
Other countries announcements
- Earlier in 2014, United States had committed to reduce the greenhouse gas emissions by 26 to 28 per cent cut by 2025 from 2005 levels.
- European Union (EU) also had set a target to reduce emission of 35 per cent below 2005 levels by 2030.
- Japan is also proposing to cut its greenhouse gas emissions by up to 26 per cent by 2030.
- World’s largest emitter China officially has not announced its target to reduce the greenhouse gas emissions yet, but had set a target for the country’s emissions to peak by 2030 in a joint climate announcement with US in November, 2014.