Environment Current Affairs - 2020
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United Nations Bio Diversity Summit to discuss threats to Migratory Species from Infrastructural Development
PM Modi is to inaugurate the Conference of Parties to the Convention on Migratory Species (CMS COP 13) on February 17, 2020 in GandhiNagar, Gujarat. The 13th conference of Migratory Species is the first meet on bio diversity. It is conducted under the theme
Theme: Migratory Species connect the planet and together we welcome them home
The Conference will consider the need for implementation of guidance tools that will mitigate the impacts of infrastructure on migratory species. So far, the infrastructural threats to large mammals was governed by the Central Asian Mammals Initiative. The CMS Guidelines currently deals only with the underwater noises. It does not include threats related to infrastructural development. Therefore, this conference will focus on such threats and also aquatic species facing threats due to coastal developments such as roads, restaurants and hotels. The conference will also discuss Turtle Nesting and the threats.
The discussion is important because there are more than 25 million kilo metres of new roads to be constructed by 2050. This will increase by 60% as compared to the roads in 2010. In the next 40 years, 3,35,000 km of railway tracks are to be constructed.
Tags: biodiversity summit • Biological Threats • CMS COP 13 • Conservation of Migratory Species • Conservation of Migratory Species of Wild Animals
India is all set to host the fist Biodiversity Summit of the United Nations. It is to be inaugurated by PM Modi in Gandhi Nagar, Gujarat on February 17, 2020. The CMS COP-13, Convention on the Conservation of Migratory Species Conference of Parties-13 is the only convention on migratory species.
The Agenda of the convention includes proposals on infrastructure of migratory mammals. The migratory mammals to be focused in the summit includes Gobi bear, Persian Leopard and Urial. The summit will also provide Biodiversity conservation to Ganges river Dolphins, great Indian Bustard and Asian Elephants.
The Gobi Bear is a sub species of Brown Bear. It is found in Gobi-desert of Mongolia. As far 2009, there were only 30 adult Gobi Bears in the desert. The IUCN Red List categorizes Gobi Bear under Critically Endangered.
The Persian Leopards are found in Iran, Afghanistan and central Asia. The IUCN Red List categorizes them as Endangered. As of 2008, only 871 mature Persian Leopards were recorded. They are threatened by poaching and illegal hunting.
Urials are wild sheep. They are found in western and Central Asia, that is, in Kazakhstan, Pakistan and India. The IUCN Red List categorizes them as Vulnerable.
Tags: biodiversity summit • CMS COP 13 • Conservation of Migratory Species • Conservation of Migratory Species of Wild Animals • Convention on Conservation of Migratory Species