Environment Current Affairs - 2020

Latest Environment Current Affairs 2019 for UPSC Exams, Bank Exams, Civil Services, SSC and other Competitive Exams. Latest developments in Environment and Climate Change 2019 all important national updates in Environment events for the year 2019.

March 22: World Water Day

Every year since 1993, World Water Day is being celebrated on March 22. It is being celebrated to spread the importance of fresh water. The day is celebrated by United Nations as well along with various other organizations all over the world. The theme of World Water Day is

Theme: Water and Climate Change

Significance

The main purpose of World Water Day is to achieve Sustainable Development Goal 6. This includes Water and Sanitation for all by 2030.

Need

By 2050, more than 5.7 billion people are to live in areas where is to go scarce. The water demand all over the world is to increase by 50% by 2040. Therefore, it is important to mark more such events that aims at conserving water.

History

The day began in 1992 at the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development. At the conference, the UN passed a resolution to observe World Water Day. Since then several events have been added. It includes the International Year of Cooperation in the Water Sphere, 2013. Apart from this, currently International Decade for Action on Water for Sustainable Development (2018-28) is also being marked.

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UN Report: “Peatland” protection will help attain climate goals

The Food and Agriculture Organization operating under United Nations released a report recently on Peatlands. The report says that though Peatlands cover only 3% of the earth’s surface, they trigger the carbon that were locked in a few decades.

Key Findings of the report

The report says that peatlands consists of 30% of world soil carbon. When they are released, they emit greenhouse gases. They have the potential to release up to one giga tonne of carbon.

What are Peatlands?

Peatlands are formed due to accumulation of decomposed plant remains. These remains stay accumulated over thousands of years due to water-logging. In tropical climate peatlands occur in mangrove forests. They are dominated by mosses in arctic regions.

Restoration Measures

Indonesia has 40% of tropical peatlands. The Indonesian Government created Peat Ecosystem Restoration Information System (PRIMS) that provides information about Peatlands and their restoration.

In the Himalayan region, restoration works of peatlands were conducted in order to increase water security in the region.

Peatlands in India

In India, peatlands occupy 320 square kilo metres to 1,000 square kilo metres area.

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