Environment Current Affairs - 2020

Latest Environment Current Affairs 2019 for UPSC Exams, Bank Exams, Civil Services, SSC and other Competitive Exams. Latest developments in Environment and Climate Change 2019 all important national updates in Environment events for the year 2019.

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GoI released Draft Visionary Perspective Plan (2020-30) to Conserve Avian Ecosystem ahead of CMS COP-13

Ahead of the Conservation of Migratory Species Conference of Parties-13 (CMS COP-13), the Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change has introduced a draft Visionary Perspective Plan (2020-2030) to conserve ecosystems, habitats, avian diversity and landscapes in the country.

Visionary Perspective Plan (2020-2030)

  • According to the draft, there are 1,317 bird species in India. Out of these 72 are endemic, 100 are threatened, 17 are critically endangered, 63 are vulnerable and 20 are endangered. Around 270 species of avifauna fall under “rare” category. It includes pheasants, hornbills, bustards, storks and cranes.
  • The birds are prone to extinction mainly due to poaching, fragmentation of ecosystem, habitat loss and epidemics. The draft also says that stray dog population has increased due to catastrophic decline in population of vultures.
  • The draft says that around 219 bird bio-diversity areas are under severe anthropogenic pressure.
  • The draft also says that 2,01,503 wetlands spread across 2.25 hectares in India are under stress. This is mainly due to agricultural run-offs and urbanization.

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India to host 13th COP of UN’s Conservation of Migratory Species; PM Modi to inaugurate

The 13th Conference of Parties (COP) of the Convention on Conservation of Migratory Species of Wild Animals is to be held in India between February 17, 2020 and February 22, 2020. The Conference is called the CMS-COP-13 in short. The Conference is to be hosted by the Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change on behalf of India

Highlights

India has been designated as the President of the Conference for the next three years. The representatives from 130 countries are to participate in the conference. The theme of the conference is as follows

Theme: Migratory species Connect the Planet and we welcome them

The mascot designated for the CMS COP-13 is Indian Bustard

Indian Bustard

The Conservation status of Indian Bustard is Critically Endangered in IUCN red list. Their population has been greatly reduced to 250 individuals in 2008. Their main threats include poaching, hunting, habitat loss, etc.

Significance of India in the conference

Indian Sub-Continent is part of major bird flyway network. It covers areas between Arctic and Indian Ocean. Also, there are more than 182 migratory water bird species and 29 globally threatened species in India.

India is home to several migratory species. It includes amur falcons, snow leopard, black necked cranes, dugongs, marine turtles, humpbacked whales, etc.

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