Environment Current Affairs - 2020

Latest Environment Current Affairs 2019 for UPSC Exams, Bank Exams, Civil Services, SSC and other Competitive Exams. Latest developments in Environment and Climate Change 2019 all important national updates in Environment events for the year 2019.

Black Carbon Levels in Himalayan Glaciers and Biomethanation

The Wadia Institute of Himalayan Geology (WIHG) conducted study near Gangotri Glacier in 2016. According to the study, the black carbon concentration in the region has increased by 400 times.

Highlights

The increase in carbon concentration in the region is mainly because of agricultural burning and forest fire. The concentration of black carbon was found to be minimum in August and maximum in May.

What is Black Carbon?

Black Carbon are fine particles of carbon that are formed due to incomplete combustion of fossil fuels and biomass. These particles are capable of absorbing energy from the sun (light) a million times more than that of carbon dioxide. However, black carbon are short lived unlike carbon dioxide.

They increase current level of global warming mainly due to their light absorbing characteristics.

Biomethanation

The Government of India has taken the technology of Biomethanation as a solution for stubble burning. Quality manure and biogas are obtained from bio-methanation process. Six biomethanation plants are to be constructed in Punjab that will convert paddy straw into bio-gas.

Biomethanation is a process by which organic materials are microbiologically converted into biogas in anaerobic conditions. Anaerobic condition is an environment without oxygen.

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Ministry of Tribal Affairs constitutes committee on Community Forest Resource Guidelines

The Union Ministry of Tribal Affairs recently constituted a committee under NC Saxena, former member of Planning Commission of India. The Committee will examine and recommend Community Forest Resources (CFR) Guidelines. The Committee has been constituted under Forest Rights Act, 2006.

Why the Committee?

In 2016, the Tribal Affairs Ministry framed CFR in consultation with the Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change. However, the guidelines faced several criticisms from tribal organizations all over India. They complained that the guidelines were too technical.

The Issue

The Forest Right Act, 2006 gives habitat rights to the Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Group and pre-agriculture communities. They shall access the resources in the area that are designated as their habitat. However, the act left it at the responsibility of the states to identify the habitats. Several states failed to recognize such habitats.

Therefore, the Committee will provide a report clarifying concepts and detail the procedures that make implementation of CFR guidelines easy and understandable.

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