Events & Observances Current Affairs - 2019

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1st World Youth Conference on Kindness held in New Delhi

The first World Youth Conference for Kindness was recently held in New Delhi. It was inaugurated by President Ram Nath Kovind. It was organised by UNESCO Mahatma Gandhi Institute of Education for Peace and Sustainable Development (MGIEP).

About Conference

It was held in commemoration of 150th birth anniversary celebrations of Mahatma Gandhi. It was aimed at providing youth with creative, effective methods of engaging and realising UN Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). It sought inspiration from Gandhi’s championing of non-violence. Its theme was ‘Vasudhaiva Kutumbakam: Gandhi for the Contemporary World: Celebrating the 150th birth anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi.’ It saw participation of 60 international delegates, prominent artists, nobel laureates and over 1,000 youth from over 27 countries, each of whom work in the field of positive social change.

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22 August: International Day for Victims of Acts of Violence based on Religion or Belief

On 22 August 2019 for the first time the world is observing ‘International Day Commemorating the Victims of Acts of Violence Based on Religion or Belief’ with aim to honour victims and survivors of heinous acts who often remain forgotten. The international Day comes right after International Day of Remembrance and Tribute to the Victims of Terrorism, which is observed on 21 August.

Background

Following an unprecedented rise of violence against religious communities and people belonging to religious minorities, United Nation General Assembly (UNGA) on 28 May 2019, adopted resolution A/RES/73/296 designating 22 August as International Day Commemorating the Victims of Acts of Violence Based on Religion or Belief. UNGA recognized the importance of providing victims of acts of violence based on religion or belief and members of their families with appropriate support and assistance in accordance with applicable law.

Significance: By proclaiming an International Day Commemorating Victims of Acts of Violence Based on Religion or Belief, the UNGA recalled that States have primary responsibility to promote and protect human rights, including human rights of persons belonging to religious minorities as well as including their right to exercise their religion or belief freely.

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