Important Days and Events

Latest Events & Observances Current Affairs 2019-20 related to important days, weeks and months. In this category, we put important days celebrated and observed in India and states.

August 7: National Handloom Day

Every year, the Government of India celebrates National Handloom Day on August 7. The day is celebrated to honour the handloom weavers in the country. Also, the day highlights handloom industry in India.

Highlights

August 7 was first declared as National Handloom Day in 2015. The main objective is to create awareness about importance of handloom industry. The sixth National Handloom Day is being celebrated in 2020 under the coordination of Ministry of Textiles.

Why August 7?

August 7 was chosen as National Handloom Day to commemorate Swadeshi movement that was launched in 1905 on the very same day. The movement was launched in Calcutta Town Hall to protest against partition of Bengal by the British Government.

Schemes related to Handloom Sector

The following are the schemes that were launched by GoI to boost handloom sector

National Handloom Development Programme

The programme was launched for the time period of April 2017 and March 2020 under the Ministry of Textiles. The following are the key features of the scheme

  • The scheme aims to support weavers within and outside cooperative fold.
  • It will create permanent infrastructure in the form of marketing complexes, Urban Haats and develop e-marketing web portals for handloom products.

Comprehensive Handloom cluster Development Scheme

The scheme was launched between April 2017 and March 2020 to develop Mega Handloom Clusters in the country. The main aim of the scheme is to develop Mega Handloom Clusters that specialize in specific products.

Other Schemes

The other Schemes implemented by GoI for the welfare of the handloom sector are as follows

  • Yarn Supply Scheme
  • Handloom Weavers Comprehensive Welfare Scheme
  • Weavers MUDRA Scheme

Background

The handloom sector holds a unique place in the Indian Economy. More than 43 lakh weavers mostly from backward and minority community are employed in the handloom sector directly or indirectly. The Handloom sector accounts to 15% of textile production in the country.

Japan marks 75 years of atomic bomb attacks on Hiroshima and Nagasaki

On August 6, 2020, Japan marks the 75th anniversary of the world’s first atomic bomb attack on the city of Hiroshima.

Highlights

In 1945, the United States warplane Enola Gay dropped an atom bomb named “Little Boy” in the city of Hiroshima killing 140,000 people. Three days later, on August 9, the United States dropped another atom bomb “Fat Man” in Nagasaki that killed more than 40,000 people.

The survivors of the bomb are known as “Hibakushas”. The Hibakushas experienced long-term effects and elevated risks of thyroid cancer and leukemia.

Why the atom bomb?

The relations between Japan and the USA worsened after the end of World War II in 1945. This was mainly because, the Japanese forces decided to capture oil rich areas of the East Indies. Thus, US President Harry Truman authorised to drop the bomb to make Japan surrender in the war, which it did.

Why Hiroshima and Nagasaki?

The USA chose the cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki targeting military production of the country. The main aim was to destroy ability of Japan to fight wars. Hiroshima was one of the army headquarters of Japan. Also, it was the largest military supply depot for troops and supplies.

Nagasaki, on the other hand was one of the largest seaports in southern Japan. It was of great wartime importance for its wide-ranging industrial activity in military equipment, production of ordnance, ships and other war materials.

Quebec Agreement

The Agreement was signed in 1943 by the US and UK to pool their resources to develop nuclear weapons. The countries under the agreement also agreed that neither of the countries would use the nuclear weapons against each other.

First Nuclear Weapon Testing

Before dropping the bomb in the cities of Japan, the US did test its nuclear weapons. The nuclear weapons were tested at the Trinity site on July 16, 1945. The testing was a part of the Manhattan Project

Manhattan Project

The project was a Research and Development programme conducted by USA, UK and Canada. It was led by USA. The project aimed to develop first nuclear weapons to be used in world war II.