Events & Observances Current Affairs - 2019
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23rd of April is observed as World Book by UNESCO and other related organisations every year. The city of Sharjah has been selected as the World Book Capital for the year 2019.
World Book Day 2019 is the 24th edition and the theme is centred around round celebrating literature and reading with a particular focus on enhancing and protecting indigenous languages. The theme is in line with the celebration of the International Year of the Indigenous Languages by the UN.
Genesis of the World Book Day
Often also called the World Book and Copyright Day, it aims to promote the joy of books and the art of reading. World Book Day recognises that books are a link between the past and the future, a bridge between cultures and generations.
UNESCO chose 23rd April for the World Book Day to pay tribute to great literary figures including William Shakespeare, Miguel Cervantes and Inca Garcilaso de la Vega who died on this day and was finalised in the year 1995 in the UNESCO General Conference, held in Paris.
Further UNESCO and organisations representing publishers, booksellers and libraries select World Book Capital for a year to maintain the celebrations of books and reading. For the year 2019, Sharjah, UAE has been declared as the World Book Capital. It will be preceded by Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia in the year 2020.
Tags: Inca Garcilaso de la Vega • indigenous languages • International Year of the Indigenous Languages • Kuala Lumpur • Malaysia • Miguel Cervantes • Paris • Sharjah • UAE • William Shakespeare • World Book and Copyright Day • World Book Capital • World Book Day • World Book Day 2019
23 April is observed as English Language Day every year. 23rd April was chosen as the English Language Day to commemorate both the birthday and date of death of William Shakespeare.
The English Language Day was the result of a 2010 initiative by the Department of Public Information which had sought to establish language days for each of the Organization’s six official languages.
UN Languages Day
The purpose of the UN’s language days is to celebrate multilingualism and cultural diversity as well as to promote equal use of all six official languages throughout the Organization.
Under the initiative of UN Language Days, UN celebrates six separate days, each dedicated to one of the Organization’s six official languages viz.
- Arabic: 18 December
- Chinese: 20 April
- English: 23 April
- French: 20 March
- Russian: 6 June
- Spanish: 23 April
Language Days were instituted by the UN with an aim to entertain as well as inform, with the goal of increasing awareness and respect for the history, culture and achievements of each of the six working languages among the UN community.