Important Days and Events
On August 5, 2020, the Union Territories of Ladakh and Jammu and Kashmir celebrated their first anniversary of formation.
On August 5, 2019, the Government of India revoked the special status to Jammu and Kashmir by modifying Article 370 of the Constitution. After the abrogation of the article, two union territories Ladakh and Jammu and Kashmir were carved out under Jammu and Kashmir Reorganisation Act 2019.
What is Article 370?
The Article 370 of the Indian Constitution gave special status to the state of Jammu and Kashmir between 1954 and 2019. The article conferred the state to have a separate constitution and autonomy over internal administration of the state.
The article along with Article 35A of Jammu and Kashmir Constitution defined that the residents of the state shall have separate set of laws, fundamental rights, citizenship status, property ownership as compared to the citizens of other Indian states. An Indian citizen from other states, according to the article, cannot purchase land in the state.
On August 5, 2019, all of the above special status to the state was abrogated making all the provisions of the Indian Constitution applicable to the region as well. All the clauses of Article 370 except Clause 1 were declared to be inoperative.
After the abrogation of Article 370, Right to Information Act, 2005 and Representation of People Act, 1951 were extended to these Union Territories.
- The police and public order are to be with the Centre
- The UT of J&K is to have a state legislature and Ladakh will not.
- The powers of Lieutenant Governor of the territories were widened. The CM of the UT has to communicate all administrative decisions of legislation with the LG.
Terrorism since the abrogation
In a period of one year, that is, between August 5, 2019 and August 5, 2020, recruitment of terrorists in the region has fell by 42%. It has reduced from 172 to 100. The number of terrorists trying to infiltrate from Pakistan occupied Kashmir has decreased by 33%.
Also, the terrorism incidents in the region has reduced to 181 in 2020 as against 395 in 2019. The law and order related incidents have fell from 370 per month to 28 per month.
Tags: Abrogation of Article 370 • Article 35A • Article 370 • Jammu and Kashmir Reorganisation Act 2019 • Ladakh
Every year July 29 is celebrated as Global Tiger Day. The decision to celebrate the day was taken at the Saint Petersburg Declaration on Tiger conservation that was signed in 2010.
India has 70% of total tiger population in the world. To commemorate Global Tiger Day, the Union Environment Minister Prakash Javadekar released the All India Tiger Estimation-2018 report. Also, the Union Minister Dr Harsh Vardhan is to release a report on Tiger Census to commemorate Global Tiger Day. The day is also called International Tiger Day.
The day is celebrated to create awareness for tiger conservation. It promotes a system to protect natural habitats of tigers and raise public awareness. This year, the Global Tiger Day is celebrated with the slogan, “Their Survival is in our hands”.
Saint Petersburg Summit
The summit was held to increase the awareness about declining tiger population in the world. Also, the leaders attended the summit pledged to make efforts to double the tiger population by 2022.
From the beginning of 20th century, around 95% of the tiger population have been lost according to World Widlife Fund. Currently, there are only 3,900 wild tigers. Poaching, climate change and habitat loss are the main reasons for the decrease in Tiger population.