Events & Observances Current Affairs - 2019

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Exhibition on ‘DAE Technologies’ held in New Delhi

Department of Atomic Energy (DAE) is organizing exhibition on ‘DAE Technologies: Empowering India through Technology’ at New Moti Bagh recreation club, New Delhi. It was inaugurated by Shri Rakesh Gupta, Chairman of Union Public Service Commission (UPSC). The 2-day exhibition on DAE’s spin-off technologies for Non-Power Applications (NPAs) is open to public for 11-12 August 2019.

Exhibition Highlights

Exhibition is covering technologies developed by the Bhabha Atomic Research Centre (BARC), Raja Ramanna Centre for Advance Technology (RRCAT), Indore and other Units of Department of Atomic Energy (DAE), which are useful for common man in day-to-day life such as in field of health, agriculture, water, food security and environment.

Details of exhibits:-

Health: In health sector there are 3 segments including-

(i) Development of Radio Pharmaceuticals

(ii) Production & Distribution

(iii) Its implementation for diagnosis and therapeutic application.

Devices on display– Medical devices for Tele-ECG (a convenient tool to distinguish individuals with suspected heart diseases), Bhabhatron– A Radiation tele-therapy machine, screening of TB (Tuberculosis) and Cancer.

Agriculture: DAE has developed 44 high yielding varieties (HYV) seed by inducing mutation to suit local weather conditions across country. DAE encourages organic farming and has also developed technologies of fertilizer production from bio-sludge. Disease resistant, low maturity period and high yielding crops have been well accepted by farmers. Rural technologies are also being made available to rural youth through AKRUTI (Advanced Knowledge and RUral Technology Implementation initiative) programme.

Water: DAE has developed technologies for clean water to fulfill departmental requirements and as spin-off developed many techniques which finds applications in ultra-filtration membrane, RO membrane, multistage flash evaporation and water hydrology based on radiotracers.

Environment: DAE technologies are finding lot of applications for Swatch Bharat Mission where bio-methanization and Urban Sludge Hygienization technologies are being deployed across country.

Nisargruna plant is a bio- Methanization plant for digesting kitchen food waste and green vegetable wastes from agriculture markets to Methane gas which can be used for cooking or generating electricity or even for running biogas vehicles.  This plant can digest animal waste from slaughter house also.

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10 August: World Biofuel Day

Every year 10 August is observed as World Biofuel Day with aim to create awareness about importance of non-fossil fuels as an alternative to conventional fossil fuels. It is being observed by Union Ministry of Petroleum & Natural Gas since 2015.

On 10th August 2019, Petroleum & Natural Gas Ministry will organize World Biofuel Day at Vigyan Bhavan, New Delhi.

World Biofuel Day

Theme 2019: ‘Production of Biodiesel from Used Cooking Oil (UCO)

Objective: To create awareness about importance of non-fossil fuels (or environment-friendly fuels) as an alternative to conventional fossil fuels and to highlight various efforts made by Government of India in biofuel sector.

Highlights of World Biofuel Day 2019

To facilitate production of Biodiesel from Used Cooking Oil (UCO), Oil Marketing Companies shall float an Expression of Interest (EOI) for procurement of Biodiesel from Used Cooking Oil across 100 cities. Objective behind inviting this EOI is to encourage applicants to set up Biodiesel producing plants from UCO, processing plants and further utilizing existing potential of UCO based Bio-diesel in India.

On this occasion, Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (FSSAI) shall release a sticker on RUCO (Repurpose Used Cooking Oil) and a mobile app to facilitate collection of UCO.

Interactive sessions on 2nd Generation Ethanol & Biodiesel from UCO will also be held, which will focus on issues and hurdles being faced by sector and dwell on how to overcome these hurdles for effective implementation of blending program across India.

What are Biofuels?

They are environment friendly fuels which are derived from renewable bio-mass resources. Biofuels utilization would address global concerns about supression of carbon emissions.

Being eco-friendly they provide a strategic advantage to promote sustainable development. They also supplement conventional energy sources in meeting rapidly increasing demand for transportation fuels.

Benefits: Biofuels use can reduce import dependency on crude oil, cleaner environment, additional income to farmers and employment generation in rural areas.  Biofuels programme is also in synergy with Union Government’s initiatives for Make in India, Swachh Bharat and enhancing farmers’ income.

Benefits of transformation of UCO:

It will help bring health benefits as there would be no recycling of UCO, infrastructural investment in rural areas, employment generation and cleaner environment with reduced carbon footprint.

The role of biodiesel is not just to replace fossil fuel but to help form a balanced policy. Biofuels are environment-friendly, and their use would address global concerns about the suppression of carbon emissions.

Important Biofuel categories in India

Bioethanol : Ethanol produced from biomass such as sugar containing materials, starch containing materials and cellulosic materials.

Biodiesel : a methyl or ethyl ester of fatty acids produced from non-edible vegetable oils, acid oil, used cooking oil/animal fat and bio-oil.

Advanced biofuels : Fuels which are-

produced from lignocellulosic, non-food crops (i.e. grasses, algae), or industrial waste and residue streams

having low CO2 emission/high GHG reduction and do not compete with food crops for land use. For instance- Fuels like Second Generation (2G) Ethanol, Drop-in fuels, algae based 3G biofuels, bio-CNG, bio-methanol, Di Methyl Ether (DME) bio-hydrogen, drop in fuels with MSW as the source / feedstock material

Drop-in fuels : Any liquid fuel produced from Biomass, agri-residues, wastes such as Municipal Solid Wastes (MSW), Plastic wastes, Industrial wastes etc .

Bio-CNG: it is a purified form of bio-Gas whose energy potential and composition is similar to that of fossil based natural gas.

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