Events & Observances Current Affairs - 2019

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16 June: The International Day of Family Remittances observed

The International Day of Family Remittances (IDFR) is observed every year all across the world on 16 June. The day recognizes the contributions made by more than 200 million migrants towards improving the lives of their 800 million family members back home, and also to create a future of hope for their children.

About International Day of Family Remittances

Background: IDFR is a universally-recognized observance adopted by United Nations General Assembly’s (UNGA) resolution A/RES/72/281.

Objective: Through the observance of IDFR, the United Nations (UN) seeks to create greater awareness about impact remittances have on millions of households, as well as on communities, countries, and entire regions. IDFR also calls upon governments, private sector entities, and civil society, to find ways that can maximize impact of contributions made in form of remittances by individuals and collective actions.

Custodian: The custodian of IDFR towards these objectives is United Nations International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD).

IFAD supports #FamilyRemittances2030 Campaign, to allow all stakeholders to endorse the values day represents and to showcase their engagement.

Significance: IFDR furthers 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). The day is fully recognized at global level, as well as included as one of key initiatives to implement newly-adopted Global Compact for Safe, Orderly and Regular Migration (GSM), which also calls for financial inclusion through remittances, reduction of remittance transfer costs, and covering all dimensions of international migration in a holistic and comprehensive manner.

About IFAD

It is an specialized United Nations (UN) agency that was one of the major outcomes of World Food Conference 1974. Later in 1977, it was set up as an international financial institution.

It is based in Rome (Italy), which is considered to be UN’s food and agriculture hub.

Since 1978, IFAD have provided US$18.5 billion in grants and low-interest loans to projects that have reached to more than 464 million people.

What is Remittance?

It is a transfer of money, commonly by a foreign worker to an individual in their home country. The money sent home by migrants (working in foreign country) competes with international aid as one of the largest financial inflows to developing countries.

India is the world’s top recipient of remittances.

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20th anniversary of Operation Vijay to be celebrated

India will be celebrating this year the 20th anniversary of Operation Vijay also called Kargil Vijay Diwas for over three days from 25 July to 27 July 2019 at Dras and New Delhi.  The day is observed to commemorate victory in Kargil war with pride, honour and inspiration. The day will be celebrated with theme- Remember, Rejoice and Renew.

Key Highlights

Objective: to evoke feeling of nationalism and patriotism especially amongst youth with scheduled nationwide campaigns and also to pay homage to valiant soldiers.

Remembrance: The Kargil conflict will forever be remembered for its strategic and tactical surprises, self-imposed national strategy of restraint (because of which war was kept limited to only Kargil-Siachen Sectors) and also swiftly executed tri-services military strategy and plans. It will also be remembered for determination, courage, daring junior leadership and raw courage of our jawans at tactical level.

Celebrations: The celebrations in National Capital of India will begin from 14th of July, with the lightning of a Victory Flame from National War Memorial, New Delhi, which will travel across 11 towns and cities, to finally culminate at Dras (a town in Kargil District of Jammu and Kashmir) wherein the flame will be merged with the eternal flame at Kargil War Memorial, which is built by Indian Army.

On Kargil Vijay Diwas, a Wreath Memorial Ceremony will also be organized at site of Kargil War Memorial in Dras to honour brave-hearts who laid down their lives during the Operation Vijay.

Events: The events are planned to highlight stories of valour by brave soldiers of this country and rekindle the pride among India’s youth. Various events being organised includes-

  • Expeditions by units which participated in Kargil War to their respective battlefields at high altitude locations such as Tololing, Tiger Hill, Pt 4875 etc.
  • Special National Integration Camp for NCC Cadets hailing from various States and Union Territories (UT).
  • Ek Daud Shaheedon Ke Naam by People of Ladakh, in which citizens from remotest corner of region and brave war veterans from far-flung villages of Ladakh will participate.
  • T-20 Cricket Championship- in Ladakh region in NDS Memorial Stadium (at 11500 ft). The teams form Indian Army, Indian Air Force, ITBP and local clubs from entire Ladakh region will participate in tournament.
  • Kargil Vijay Diwas Evening- a cultural extravaganza on 27 July 2019, at Indira Gandhi Indoor Stadium will be attended by the dignitaries.

About Kargil War

It was an armed conflict between India and Pakistan that took place between May and July 1999 in Kargil district of Jammu and Kashmir (J&K) and elsewhere along Line of Control (LOC).

In India the conflict is also popularly known as Operation Vijay (meaning Victory) which was the name of Indian operation to clear Kargil sector.

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