Important Days and Events Current Affairs - 2020

Latest Events & Observances Current Affairs 2019-20 related to important days, weeks and months. In this category, we put important days celebrated and observed in India and states.

Category Wise PDF Compilations available at This Link

December 11: International Mountain Day

International Mountain Day predominantly refers to the day, the United Nations marks on December 11 every year since 2003. The same day is celebrated in US and Japan as well as National Mountain Day. The US began to mark mountain day even before the UN since 1877. However, in Japan it is being celebrated since 2014 and is a national holiday.

Theme: Mountains matter for youth

Why Mountain Day?

Around 15% of world population live in mountain according to the UN. Today, mountains are under threat due to over exploitation, climate change

Highlights

The day highlights that living is hard for those in the mountains. It focuses predominantly on the youth. It encourages and highlights the opportunities for young people in mountains. The day marks the importance of market access, education, training, public services and employment opportunities for the youth living in mountain region.

Migration-Major Issue

The day also focuses on abandonment of mountains. Today many young people leave hilly terrains for better life and employment. This leads to abandoned agriculture, loss of cultural values and land degradation. International Mountain Day also focuses on solutions to migration problems in the hilly regions.

Background

The idea of International Mountain Day was framed in United Nations Conference on Environment and Development in 1992. The idea was introduced in Agenda 21, which is “Managing Fragile Ecosystem: Sustainable Mountain Development”

Sustainable Development Goal

Mountains are the most important ecosystem that needs maximum attention. They provide freshwater for every day life. Conservation of mountains is important for sustainable development and is a part of Goal 15.

The SDG 15 focuses on “Protect, restore and promote sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems, sustainably”

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Digital Exhibition on history of Constitution of India being held in New Delhi

The ‘Digital Exhibition on History of Constitution of India’, was inaugurated in New Delhi by Dr. Jitendra Singh, Minister of State (M/S) for Development of North Eastern Region (I/C), Prime Minister’s Office, Personnel, Public Grievances & Pensions, Atomic Energy and Space. It will be organised for two days from 9-10 December 2019.

About ‘Digital Exhibition on History of Constitution of India’

It has been organised by Department of Personnel & Training (DoPT), Union Ministry of Personnel, Public Grievances and Pensions, in collaboration with Parliament Museum and Archives of Lok Sabha Secretariat and Bureau of Outreach and Communication (BOC).

Exhibition contains Replica of the Constitution, photograph of Constituent Assembly Members, Debates (audio) in Constituent Assembly, Quotes and audio speeches of Constituent Assembly Members, Movie on making of Constitution, Posters on- Preamble, Constitution, Fundamental Duties, Directive Principles among others.

Importance of 9th December: It is an important day from historical point of view, as the first sitting of Constituent Assembly was held on this day in 1946. The current year 2019, marks 70th Year of adoption of Constitution.

NOTE: The Constitution of India was adopted on 26th November, 1949, and the Members appended their signatures to it on 24 January 1950. In all, 284 Members (total Members-299) actually signed Constitution and the Constitution of India then came into force on 26 January 1950. The day of adoption of the Constitution is celebrated in country as ‘Constitution Day’.

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