Important Days and Events Current Affairs - 2020

Latest Events & Observances Current Affairs 2019-20 related to important days, weeks and months. In this category, we put important days celebrated and observed in India and states.

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22 Dec: National Mathematics Day 

National Mathematics Day is being celebrated today to commemorate the birth anniversary of Srinivasa Ramanujan. Ramanujan is remembered for his contributions to number theory, mathematical analysis, infinite series and continued fractions. This year, was his 132nd birth anniversary.

About Srinivasa Ramanujan

He was born on 22 December 1887 in Tamil Nadu’s Erode district. In his short life (he died at the age of 32, on 26 April 1920), Ramanujan had a wealth of ideas that have transformed and reshaped 20th century mathematics.

Without any formal training in pure mathematics he contributed to number theory, infinite series, and mathematical analysis. His ideas continue to shape mathematics of the 21st century. He also discovered his own theorems and compiled as many as 3900 mathematical results and equations independently.

Ramanujan’s Prime and Theta discoveries had inspired further research on this mathematical subject.  He is also know for the Hardy-Ramanujan number- ‘1729’, which is the smallest number which can be represented as sum of two different cubes in two different ways. He discovered the number along with British Mathematician G.H. Hardy.

Background

In 2012, Union Government headed by the then Prime Minister Dr. Manmohan Singh, declared 22nd December as ‘National Mathematics Day’ to celebrate 125th birth anniversary of Srinivasa Ramanujan. Government also declared, the year 2012 as National Mathematics Year.

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India Celebrates National Farmers Day

India celebrates National Farmers Day on 23rd December to commemorate the birth anniversary of the 5th Prime Minister of India, Choudhary Charan Singh. He was a farmer’s leader and he had introduced many policies to improve the lives of the Indian farmers. The day is being observed since 2001.

Highlights

Kisan Diwas is being celebrated in several parts of the country in order to promote importance of farmers in the society. It also aims at establishing the fact that overall social and economic development of the country depends on the farmers. The day is widely celebrated in states such as UP, Haryana, Punjab and MP.

Awareness programmes, seminars, lectures are conducted across the country to create awareness about farmers contribution to the society.

Choudhary Charan Singh

Choudhary Charan Singh served as the Prime Minister of India between 28 July 1979 and 14 January 1980.  He is often referred to as the ‘champion of India’s peasants.

Choudhary Charan Singh was born on 23 December 1902 in a rural peasant Jat family. He entered into politics during the Independence Movement motivated by Gandhiji and he served as a member of Legislative Assembly of the United Provinces elected in 1937.

Mr Choudhary was responsible for several land reforms in the state of Uttar Pradesh. He also worked hard to pass the “Zamindari Abolition bill, 1952”

In the post-independence period, he was one of three principal leaders of Congress from Uttar Pradesh. He defected from the Congress in 1967 and became the first non-Congress chief minister of UP. He became Prime Minister in the year 1979.

According to him, caste-ism was the root to slavery. He has written several books like India’s Poverty, Abolition of Zamindari and Legend Proprietorship. The NABARD-National Bank of Agriculture and Rural Development was established during his reign.

He died in 1987. His memorial in New Delhi is named as Kisan Ghat.

 

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