Important Days and Events

Latest Events & Observances Current Affairs 2019-20 related to important days, weeks and months. In this category, we put important days celebrated and observed in India and states.

20th June: World Refugee Day

To honor refugees across the globe, the United Nations designated 20th June to be observed as World Refugee Day in its Resolution 55/76 on  4th December 2000. The first World Refugee Day was observed on 20th June 2001.

The theme of 2020 World Refugee Day: Every Action Counts

This year’s theme is to remind the citizens of each and every nation across the globe that at a time of a pandemic, anyone from the society can make a change. A small effort made by an individual or an organization can make a lot of difference in the overall global efforts to make the world a much more inclusive for all.

Significance

As per United Nations data, 20 people in every 1 minute are forced to flee from their home in order to escape terror, war and conflicts. By the end of 2019, there is a total estimate of 79.5 million people who were displaced forcibly in the world.

Despite all the plight, the courage and resilience that are shown by refugees across the globe are being celebrated today in order to further strengthen them and make them realize that not only they will survive, but also thrive towards achieving their rights and dreams.

For this, the governments across the globe are made to realize their duties on this date to protect and support the refugees.

Apart from conflicts and terror, today the world also has many refugees who were forced to leave their homes due to natural disasters such as Tsunami, Earthquake, Floods, etc.

Stats related to Refugees:

As per 2019 United Nations Human Rights Council (UNHRC), 68% of the refugees in the world are from countries Syria (6.6 million refugees), Venezuela (3.7 million refugees), Afghanistan (2.7 million), South Sudan (2.2 million) and Myanmar (1.1 million).

Of the total 79.5 million refugees across the globe as in 2019, 26 million are under the age of 18.

June 17: World Day to Combat Desertification and Drought

Every year, the United Nations observes World Day to Combat Desertification and Drought on June 17. This year, the day is observed under the theme

Theme: Food, Feed Fibre-The links between consumption and land

Highlights

The World Day to combat Desertification and Drought is observed focusing on changing public attitudes towards land degradation and desertification.

Significance

As the global population is growing and the world becoming wealthier, there is more need for land for food, clothing and animal feed. According to the United Nations, the world population is to reach 10 billion by 2050. In order to fulfil the needs of such huge population an additional 593 million hectares of agricultural land is needed by 2050 as compared to 2010 levels. This is twice the area of India.

On the other hand, the heath and productivity of the land is declining due to climate change. Thus, the World Day o Combat Desertification and Drought is to focus on educate the individuals about reducing the impacts that lead to land degradation.

Background

The day was proclaimed by the United Nations in 1995 after the United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification was drafted.

Sustainable Development Goals

The 2030 Agenda for SDG includes to protect the Earth from degradation. The SDG 15 aims to halt and reverse land degradation.