Events & Observances Current Affairs - 2019
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United Nations (UN) observed World Day Against Trafficking in Persons on July 30 to raise awareness of the plight of human trafficking victims, and promote and protect their rights. The theme for this year was ‘Human Trafficking: Call Your Government To Action’.
UN- International Labour Organization (ILO) defines human trafficking as trade of humans, most commonly for purpose of forced labour, commercial sexual exploitation or sexual slavery for the trafficker or others. It estimates that 21 million people are victims of forced labour globally which includes victims of human trafficking for labour and sexual exploitation. According to United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNDOC) Global Report on Trafficking in Persons, women and girls comprise 71% of human trafficking victims and additionally children make up almost one third of all human trafficking victims worldwide.
About World Day against Trafficking in Persons
This day was proclaimed by UN General Assembly (UNGA) in 2013 by adopting resolution A/RES/68/192 in 2013. This resolution had declared that the main objective of observance of this day is to raise awareness of situation of victims of human trafficking and for promotion and protection of their rights.
India-Nepal Logistics Summit was organised in Kathmandu, Nepal on 28 July 2019. It was inaugurated by Prime Minister of Nepal KP Sharma Oli. Theme for Summit was: Transforming Logistics Landscape.
Highlights of Summit
Participants: included Government representatives and trade community from India and Nepal.
Logistics: Nepal’s Prime Minister stressed upon smooth and quality logistics between India and Nepal. He emphasized that smart logistics plays a crucial role in making trade and transit arrangements easy, hassle-free and cost-effective. Since India and Nepal have significant volume of tourism, trade, investment, and cross border people-to-people movement therefore smooth and quality logistics including easy transit facilities is very essential.
Connectivity remains another topmost agenda in bilateral cooperation and many initiatives have been taken by both the neighbouring countries on crucial components of road, rail, inland waterways and air connectivity.
India also showed its full commitment to providing all necessary support to Nepal in achieving its goal of prosperity.
Importance: Assuring a conducive environment for trade and investment as well as enhanced investment and trade relationship with India is crucial not just because India is Nepal’s biggest trade and investment partner, but also an important route for Nepal for third-country trade.
Significance: It was a 1st of its type event, which brought together government representatives and trade community of both nations to discuss on some of pressing issues related to cross-border trade and logistics of both nations such as need for reducing transit time between Nepali and Indian ports, issues related to tariffs charged by logistics service providers, developing better warehouse facilities in Nepal and need for automation of customs and border clearance etc.