Government Schemes in India

Latest Government Schemes Current Affairs 2019 for UPSC Exams, Bank Exams, Civil Services, SSC and other Competitive Exams. This category comprises current affairs related to various government schemes, government policies, projects, and government campaign launches such as portal, apps etc. also.

What is Swachh Bharat Kranti?

“Swachh Bharat Kranti” is a translated copy of the book “Swachh Bharat Revolution”. Swachh Bharat Kranti is a Hindi version and Swachh Bharat Revolution is the English version.

On August 5, 2020, the Hindi version of Swachh Bharat Revolution was launched by the Union Minister of Textiles and Women and Child Development Smt Smriti Irani and Union Minister of Jal Shakti Gajendra Singh Shekhawat.

About the Book

The book is about the journey of Swachh Bharat Mission. It has 35 essays contributed by a range of stakeholders of the programme. The essays in the book have been arranged under four pillars namely Public Financing, political leadership, Partnership and Participation of People in the mission. The contributors of the book include Amitabh Kant, Arun Jaitley, Sadhguru, Ratan Tata, etc.

Swachh Bharat Mission (SBM)

The Mission was started in 2014 to provide universal coverage on sanitation of the country. It is being implemented by the Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation. The two main components of the mission include SBM Urban and SBM Rural. The urban component of the mission mainly focuses on waste management techniques. On the other hand, the rural component focuses on achieving Open Defecation Free (ODF) India.

Currently, the second phase of the mission is being implemented, which is between 2020-21 and 2024-25.

Phase II of SBM

The second phase of the mission is to be implemented with a total outlay of Rs 1,40,881 crores. The second phase has been named as ODF+. The ODF+ is to focus on the following

  • Grey Water Management
  • Plastic Waste Management
  • Faecal Sludge Management
  • Biodegradable Solid Waste Management

The second phase is to focus on generating employment in the rural region by constructing soak pits, compost pits, material recovery facilities, waste stabilisation ponds, etc. It will also help the rural India handle challenges of solid and liquid waste management to improve the health of the villagers in the country.

Vidyarthi Vigyaan Manthan 2020-21: Key highlights

The Union Health and Family Welfare Minister Dr Harsh Vardhan recently launched an innovative initiative Vidyarthi Vigyaan Manthan 2020-21 (VVM). This initiative under the national programme is created to make science an interesting study among students from class 6 to 11.


While It was designed to identify the young bright minds with a scientific aptitude among the student group. VVM conducts a timely aptitude test to identify a child who has a knack for science. A highly ambitious student is provided with a mentor to carry forward their education in the field of science. Through this new programme, the student will help in constructing the new India.


VVM (Vidyarthi Vigyan Manthan) In collaboration with Vigyan Prasar, which is an autonomous organization under the Department of Science and Technology, Government of India and NCERT (National Council of Educational Research and Training), is an initiative of Vijnana Bharati (VIBHA) also popularly known as Vigyan Bharti. Students are made to participate through comprehensive writing, objective type question and answers, role play, practical examination and by showing presentation and getting involved in a group discussion with peers. A trip to National Science Laboratories and interactions with country’s renowned scientists is organised for the winners of Vidyarthi Vihyaan Manthan.

Vijnana Bharti

Largest scientific movement in India, founded in the year 1991 by the eminent scientists of Indian Institute of Science Prof. K.I. Vasu. It is a Non-profit organisation previously known as Swadeshi Science Movement. The organisation is dedicated to making pure science popular by implementing modern science and ancient science techniques in India.