Government Schemes & Projects Current Affairs - 2019

Latest Government Schemes Current Affairs 2019 for UPSC Exams, Bank Exams, Civil Services, SSC and other Competitive Exams. This category comprises current affairs related to various government schemes, government policies, projects, and government campaign launches such as portal, apps etc. also.

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Government launches eDant Seva

On October 7, 2019, the eDant Seva was launched by the Ministry of Health and Family welfare. It is an initiative under the National Oral Health Program. The initiative aims to sensitize the importance of maintaining oral health. It provides information about nearest oral health service facility. It also provides oral health information collected from authentic scientific sources.

Objectives of e-Dant Seva

  • To improve determinants of oral health. It includes oral hygiene improvement, healthy diet and also to reduce disparity in oral health accessibility.
  • It intends to integrate oral health promotion and preventive services of the general health care systems.
  • It aims to promote PPP – Public Private Partnership to achieve public health goods.

History

  • The first National Oral Health Policy was launched in 1986. It was drafted by the Indian Dental Association.
  • In 1999, the first National Oral Health Care Program was launched.
  • In the 11th five-year plan, between 2007 and 2012, under National Rural Health Mission a token amount was allocated for research in oral health.
  • In 12th five-year plan, National Oral Health Cell was set up under Ministry of Health and Family Welfare

National Oral Health Program

In 2014, the National Oral Health Program was launched. It operated under two components namely

  • National Health Mission – Under the mission, the states and UTs can seek permission to set up Dental care units in district level hospitals.
  • Tertiary components – It included activities carried out in central level.

PMJAY – First Year with 90,000 Cancer claims; Tamil Nadu tops the list

The Union Health Ministry released its data on PMJAY – Pradhan Mantri Jan Arogya Yojana. The scheme aimed at helping economically vulnerable persons. It aimed to cover more than 10 crore families.

Key Findings

  • According to the report, every year there are 11.57 lakh new cancer patients in India and 7.84 lakh cancer deaths.
  • In the first year, PLJAY has funded 90,000 cancer patients
  • There are around 22.5 lakh Indians living with cancer at a given point of time. Tamil Nadu tops the list with 40,056 cases followed by Kerala (22,000), Madhya Pradesh (19,455), Chattisgarh (15,997) and Gujarat (14,380)
  • The report says that there is a steep rise in cancer care for patients and treatment facilities.
  • On the whole, the National Health Authority, the nodal agency for implementation of PMJAY has sanctioned Rs 321 crores so far for cancer care.

Steps under the PMJAY

  • Under PMJAY, HWC (Health and Wellness Centers) were started for 3 types of cancer namely oral, breast and cervical.
  • The scheme was launched in September 2018 with cancer care as its top priority.
  • The National Cancer Grid and National Health Authority collaborated to battle cancer under the scheme. The main objective of the collaboration included developing uniform standards of patient care of prevention, diagnosis and treatment.