Government Schemes Current Affairs - 2019
Latest Government Schemes Current Affairs 2019 for UPSC Exams, Bank Exams, Civil Services, SSC and other Competitive Exams. This category comprises current affairs related to various welfare schemes of Government of India and State Governments.
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The National Minority Development Finance Corporation (NMDFC) is implementing various schemes for the socio-economic development of the ‘backward sections’ amongst the notified minorities. The schemes are being implemented through the State Channelising Agencies (SCAs) nominated by the respective State Governments/UT Administration.
Categorisation of Beneficiaries
The NMDFC categorises the beneficiaries under two categories, They are:
- Credit Line-1: For those with the annual family income 98,000 for rural areas & Rs.1.20 lacs for urban areas.
- Credit Line-2: For those with higher annual family income eligibility criterion of up to Rs.6.00 Lacs.
Schemes of NMDFC
The various credit schemes like Term Loan, Micro Finance, Education Loan and Mahila Samridhi Yojana are introduced to enhance the livelihood opportunities by promoting income generation activities.
Mahila Samridhi Yojana:
Skill development training is imparted to a group of women in women-friendly trades under the scheme and a stipend @ Rs.1,000 is available for each woman during the training period.
During the period of training, the women are formed into Self Help Group, followed by infusion of micro-credit maximum up to Rs.1.00 lacs per member for the purpose of using the skill developed during the training, for income generation activities.
NMDFC is implementing promotional schemes like Vocational Training & Marketing Support for with preference to women beneficiaries.
Vocational Training Scheme
Under the Kaushal Se Kushalta scheme skill development training programs of 200 to 250 hrs duration are organized and Stipend of Rs.1,000 per candidate per month is provided. The schemes guarantee placement of minimum 70% candidates trained under the scheme.
Marketing Assistance Scheme
The Marketing Assistance Scheme envisages promoting sale & marketing of their products at remunerative prices through participation /organizing exhibitions at State/District level.
The National Medicinal Plants Board (NMPB) under the Ministry of AYUSH is implementing following schemes to encourage farming/cultivation, conservation, processing and promotion of medicinal plants throughout the country:
National AYUSH Mission (NAM)
The large scale farming/cultivation of medicinal plants is being supported under the ‘Medicinal Plants’ component of the National AYUSH Mission (NAM). The scheme provides support for:
- Cultivation of prioritized medicinal plants on farmer’s land.
- Establishment of nurseries for the supply of quality planting material.
- Post-harvest management.
- Primary processing, marketing infrastructure etc.
Conservation, Development and Sustainable Management of Medicinal Plants
The central sector scheme Conservation, Development and Sustainable Management of Medicinal Plants provides project-based support for following activities:
- In-situ conservation through the development of Medicinal Plants Conservation and Development Areas (MPCDAs).
- In-situ/Ex-situresource augmentation.
- Ex-situ conservation through the establishment of herbal gardens.
- Livelihood linkages with Joint Forest Management Committees (JFMCs) / Panchayats / Van Panchayats / Biodiversity Management Committees (BMCs) / Self Help Groups (SHGs).
- IEC activities like Training / workshops / Seminars/ Conferences etc.
- Research & Development.
- Promotion of marketing and trade of medicinal plants produce.
Voluntary Certification Scheme for Medicinal Plants Produce
The scheme is aimed to encourage Good Agricultural Practices (GAPs) and Good Field Collection Practices (GFCPs) in medicinal plants and enhance the quality and safety of their produce.
As per information of the Botanical Survey of India (BSI), an organization under the Ministry of Environment, Forests & Climate Change estimated more than 8,000 species of medicinal plants are found in India.