Government Schemes & Projects Current Affairs - 2019

Latest Government Schemes Current Affairs 2019 for UPSC Exams, Bank Exams, Civil Services, SSC and other Competitive Exams. This category comprises current affairs related to various government schemes, government policies, projects, and government campaign launches such as portal, apps etc. also.

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Key Cabinet decisions on NHM

On October 9, 2019, the cabinet appraised decisions under Empowered Program Committee (EPC), Mission Steering Group (MSG) and National Health Mission. The press release statements of the cabinet are as follows

Key achievements

  • MMR (Maternal Mortality Rate), U5MR (Under 5 Mortality Rate) and IMR (Infant Mortality Rate) has declined since the launch of NHM. India will reach its SDG goal of MMR – 70 and U5MR – 25 by 2030 at this rate. The rate of MMR decline is 8% (2013 – 2016).
  • India achieved the biggest success in bringing down Malaria cases and deaths by 49.09%. It is now leading with its initiatives against malaria among the other Malaria endemic countries

New decisions and schemes

  • Similar to Clean India Mission where districts and states were declared ODF – Open Defecation Free, the districts and states will be declared disease free under the awarding scheme. This will promote competitiveness among the states. The diseases to be certified are TB, Leprosy, Malaria, Kala – Azar, Cataract, Lymphatic Filariasis.
  • National Viral Hepatitis Control Program was approved
    • It was rolled out to treat Hepatitis A, B, C and E
    • More than 5 crore patients are estimated to be benefited from the program.
  • Home Based Care for Young Child program was introduced under POSHAN Abhiyan.

14 states penalized under NHM

Under National Health Mission (NHM) at least 14 states were penalized for not performing in various health parameters. The Ministry of Health and Family Welfare runs the scheme in terms of “result based funding”. The penalized states will lose funds from Central Government.

Best and Worst Performers

According to the Health system Strengthening Conditionality Report of states 2018 – 19 report, Uttarkhand, Bihar, West Bengal, Nagar Haveli, Mizoram, J&K, Himachal Pradesh remained worst performers of the scheme. These worst performers will be cut 20% of their funds. The top performing states under the scheme were Punjab, Haryana, Kerala, Assam.

The states Meghalaya, Nagaland, Sikkim and Arunachal Pradesh could not meet the minimum criteria of full immunization of 75% and hence were not considered for assessment.

Under NHM, the funds were to be shared between the center and state governments. 80% of the funds to be contributed by the central government and 20% by the state governments.

Assessing Parameters

The States were assessed based on the following parameters

  • Immunization status
  • Health and Wellness Centers (HWC)
  • Screening of 30 people around the HWC for non – communicable diseases
  • Provisioning of mental health services at the district headquarters
  • Performance of district hospitals
  • Rating PHC – Primary Health Center.

The report was released by the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare.